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Only go in person if you're told to. take 3 pill packs continuously without a break followed by a … They do this by stopping the ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation) and by thickening cervical mucus which makes it harder for sperm to reach the egg. If you need contraception, call your GP surgery or a sexual health clinic as soon as possible. For more information about the pill visit: If you've finished what you're doing can you answer some questions about your visit today? Each pill has the same amount of hormone in it. The pill The contraceptive pill contains hormones that stop you from getting pregnant. ", "I'm under 16 – can I get contraception?". There are two main types of pill. What if I've taken an extra pill by accident? Emergency contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Stop taking pills for 7 days (during these 7 days you will get a bleed). How effective is emergency contraception? You can also take the combined pill as a tailored regime. The contraceptive patch. Use a ‘tricycling’ regimen (i.e. Will antibiotics stop my contraception working ? For more information speak to a doctor or nurse. Continue to take a pill every day, in the correct order and preferably at the same time each day, until the pack is finished (28 days). Speak to a doctor or nurse for advice. You may only be able to get the combined pill if you've had your blood pressure and weight checked in the last 12 months. It can take longer to get contraception at the moment and some types are not widely available. If you want advice about changing your contraceptive pill, you can visit a GP, contraceptive nurse (sometimes called a family planning nurse), or sexual health clinic. When taken correctly, the pill is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. Get advice from a doctor or nurse if you need it. There are 2 permanent methods of contraception: Which method works best for you depends on a number of factors, including your age, whether you smoke, your medical and family history, and any medicines you're taking. The once-daily pill contains hormones designed to … You'll get an electronic prescription you can use to collect your contraception from a pharmacy or get it delivered. When it comes to contraception there’s a wide variety of options to suit different needs and preferences. If you have had a miscarriage or abortion, you can start the pill up to 5 days after this and you will be protected from pregnancy straight away. What if I've taken an extra pill by accident? During the 7 days of taking the inactive pills, you will get a bleed. Keep taking your pill as normal, but use additional contraception, such as condoms, while you have diarrhoea and for 2 days after recovering. You may also be advised to use alternative methods of contraception during the changeover, as the new pill may take a short time to take effect. If you start the pill more than 5 days after the miscarriage or abortion, you'll need to use additional contraception until you have taken the pill for 7 days. This may include taking the pill for 21 days and stopping for 4, or taking the pill continuously without a break. Phasic 21-day pills. The contraceptive pill is often described as one of the most significant medical advances of the 20th century. Weight * In KG. You need to take the emergency contraceptive pill within 3 days (Levonelle) or 5 days (ellaOne) of unprotected sex for it to be effective – the sooner you take it, the more effective it'll be. Every day pills need to be taken in the right order. Close menu, "Which method of contraception suits me? The combined pill is not suitable if you are over 35 and smoke, or if you have certain medical conditions. The first commercially available oral contraceptive pill, Enovid, was invented by American chemist Frank Colton in 1960. Where can I get emergency contraception (morning after pill, IUD)? stopped smoking less than a year ago and are 35 or older, stroke or any other disease that narrows the arteries, anyone in your close family having a blood clot under the age of 45, a heart abnormality or heart disease, including high blood pressure, it usually makes your bleeds regular, lighter and less painful, it reduces your risk of cancer of the ovaries, womb and colon, it may protect against pelvic inflammatory disease, it may reduce the risk of fibroids, ovarian cysts and non-cancerous breast disease, it can cause temporary side effects at first, such as headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood swings – if these do not go after a few months, it may help to change to a different pill, breakthrough bleeding and spotting is common in the first few months of using the pill, it has been linked to an increased risk of some serious health conditions, such as blood clots and breast cancer, read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine, antiretroviral medicines used to treat HIV (research suggests that interactions between these medicines and the progestogen-only pill can affect the safety and effectiveness of both), some genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics, sexual health clinics – they also offer contraceptive and STI testing services, some young people's services (call the Sexual Health Line on 0300 123 7123 for more information). Speak to your GP or contraception nurse or call the NHS 24 111 service or our Sexual Health Line on 0800 22 44 88 if you are unsure whether you are protected against pregnancy, or if your sickness or diarrhoea … Follow the instructions that come with your packet. Menu It can take longer to get contraception at the moment and some types are not widely available. It contains two hormones - an oestrogen and a progestogen. If you're viewing this on a mobile device, click the blue sections at the top of the page and you'll see a list of all the topics covered in this guide. Continue to take a pill at the same time each day until the pack is finished. If you want to check your medicines are safe to take with the combined pill, you can: The antibiotics rifampicin and rifabutin (which can be used to treat illnesses including tuberculosis and meningitis) can reduce the effectiveness of the combined pill. A GP or nurse may advise you to use an alternative or additional form of contraception while taking any of these medicines. See your GP if you want to continue to use a specific type of pill that we don’t have. Contraception is free to everyone through the NHS. The only time that a professional might want to tell someone else is if they believe you're at risk of harm, such as abuse. If you start the pill after the 5th day of your cycle, make sure you have not put yourself at risk of pregnancy since your last period. If you are breastfeeding, you're not advised to take the combined pill until 6 weeks after the birth. NHS 111 Wales is available 24 hours a day, every day. One pill is taken each day for 21 days and then no pills are taken for the next 7 days. Does the pill interact with other medicines? You will not be protected from pregnancy straight away and will need additional contraception until you have taken the pill for 7 days. If you start the pill later than 21 days after giving birth, you will need additional contraception (such as condoms) for the next 7 days. You'll be told about other types you can use if you’re unable to get the type you want. Menu It aims to give practical information to everyone who wants to know more about contraception, or who may have a question about the method they use or are thinking about using. Get answers to some common questions about getting and using contraception, including: There are more questions and answers if you click on the blue tabs at the top of the page under the section "Worries and questions" and "Questions about the pill". Some medicines may make the pill less effective. One pill is taken each day for 21 days and then no pills are taken for the next 7 days. You will be protected against pregnancy straight away. Each of the 24 light pink film-coated tablets contains a small amount of two different female hormones, namely drospirenone and ethinylestradiol. The pill can slightly increase the risk of developing breast cancer and cervical cancer. The NHS want you to have the … If change in contraceptive method is not acceptable or possible, take combined oral contraceptive to provide at least 50 micrograms of ethinylestradiol daily (e.g. The risk would need to be serious, and they would usually discuss this with you first. What are the benefits of contraception? Find out where to get contraception and search by postcode to find: GPs near you; sexual health clinics near you; pharmacies near you; You can also find out where to get emergency contraception – the "morning after pill" or the IUD (coil). Check with your doctor if you're taking any other tablets. Microgynon ED is an example of this type of pill. There are some risks associated with using the combined contraceptive pill. You will not need additional contraception. You can call if you are feeling ill and unsure what to do. No. What should I do if I miss a pill (progestogen-only pill)? Take your 1st pill from the packet marked with the correct day of the week, or the 1st pill of the 1st colour (phasic pills). Keep taking your pill as normal, but use additional contraception, such as condoms, while you have diarrhoea and for 2 days after recovering, or 7 days if you're taking a 12-hour pill. male sterilisation (vasectomy) You can also find out more about all 15 of these options by contacting: Contraception tries to stop this happening usually by keeping the egg and sperm apart or by stopping the release of an egg (ovulation). Other methods of contraception are better at preventing pregnancy, such as the IUD, IUS, implant and injection. Places where you can get contraception include: If you need contraception, call your GP surgery or a sexual health clinic as soon as possible. Some interactions are listed on this page, but it is not a complete list. There are many ongoing research projects into different methods of male contraception. Will a pregnancy test work if I'm on the pill? The emergency contraceptive pill (ECP), sometimes called the ‘morning after pill’ may be taken to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex, contraceptive failure, or after a sexual assault. If you cannot get the combined pill, you may be advised to use the progestogen-only pill or condoms for now. Take the 1st pill from the section of the packet marked "start". This is the most common type. Natural family planning (fertility awareness). How effective is emergency contraception? You need to take the pill at around the same time every day. Phasic pills contain 2 or 3 sections of different coloured pills in a pack. This method uses the same hormones that are in the combined contraceptive pill but, instead of taking a pill, you apply a patch to your skin once a week. When you are taking the oral contraceptive pill you need to have a review (including blood pressure and weight) at least every 12 months. If you are human, leave this field blank. The most commonly prescribed type of Pill is Microgynon, which was developed in the 1970s and accounts for nearly half of total sales. When can I use contraception after a baby or while breastfeeding? It contains artificial versions of female hormones oestrogen and progesterone, which are produced naturally in the ovaries. Where you can get contraception and emergency contraception. With 15 methods to choose from, you can find one that suits you best. It also: The pill is over 99% effective if used correctly. There are 21 active pills and 7 inactive (dummy) pills in a pack. Do you regularly check your breasts? Emergency contraception is available free from: GPs; Contraceptive/Sexual Health Clinics; NHS walk-in centres Barrier methods such as condoms are a form of contraception that help to protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and pregnancy. Other antibiotics do not have this effect. No contraception Implant IUS Copper Coil Injection Combined Pill Mini Pill Patch The Ring Diaphragm Condoms Fertility Awareness Withdrawal. The chance of getting pregnant after missing a pill or pills depends on: Find out what to do if you miss a combined pill. There is special guidance if you have just had a baby, abortion or miscarriage. If you want an intrauterine device (also known as ‘the coil’) for emergency contraception, phone your local sexual health clinic to discuss. However, these risks are small. intrauterine device (IUD) Mirena (intrauterine system or IUS) natural family planning. One pill is taken each day for 21 days and then no pills are taken for the next 7 days. To find out whether the pill is right for you, talk to a GP, nurse or pharmacist. Contraceptive Pill Review Please only complete the following questionnaire if requested by your GP practice as part of your routine oral contraception review. How effective is contraception at preventing pregnancy? What if I'm on the pill and I'm sick or have diarrhoea? Height * In Metres. Contraception Choices. This will be an active pill. Contraceptive Pill Review Contraceptive Pill Review. You could get pregnant if you do not do this, or if you miss a pill, or vomit or have severe diarrhoea. Phasic pills need to be taken in the right order. What should I do if I miss a pill (combined pill)? Two types of contraception are permanent: female sterilisation. If you start the pill on the 5th day of your period or before, you will still be protected from pregnancy straight away. Speak to a GP or nurse or call NHS 111 for more information, if your sickness or diarrhoea continues. What should I do if I miss a pill (progestogen-only pill)? If you start the combined pill on the 1st day of your period (day 1 of your menstrual cycle) you will be protected from pregnancy straight away. You can normally start taking the pill at any point in your menstrual cycle. This is a low dose pill, meaning that it is a combined contraceptive pill with lower volumes of the synthetic oestrogen and progesterone. This questionnaire is for a routine review of your use of contraception. Some medicines interact with the combined pill and it does not work properly. Whatever questions you have about getting and using contraception, this guide can help. Yes. If not, you will need to use additional contraception (such as condoms) while taking the antibiotic and for a short time after. If you're under 16 and want contraception, the doctor, nurse or pharmacist will not tell your parents (or carer) as long as they believe you fully understand the information you're given and your decisions. They'll encourage you to consider telling your parents, but they will not make you. The pill prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation). Page last reviewed: 30 January 2018 The combined pill can interact with medicines called enzyme inducers. Each section contains a different amount of hormones. • When you have finished the packet, have a 7 day pill free interval or ‘break’. Find out where to get contraception and search by postcode to find: You can also find out where to get emergency contraception – the "morning after pill" or the IUD (coil). One pill missed (i.e. 24 to 48 hours late) o Take missed pill as soon as remembered o Continue taking remainder of pack as usual o Emergency contraception (EC) if unprotected sex occurred is not usually required but may be considered if other pills have been missed Two or more pills … Speak to a pharmacist, nurse or GP, or call NHS 111 or the national sexual health helpline free on 0300 123 7123, if you're unsure whether you're protected against pregnancy, or if your sickness or diarrhoea continues. The combined oral contraceptive pill is often just called "the pill". Contraception services are free and confidential, including for people under the age of 16. Where can I get emergency contraception (morning after pill, IUD)? On December 4, 1961 - a landmark day for women’s rights and sexual freedom - the contraceptive pill was made ‘available to all’ on the NHS for the first time. It can also decrease the risk of developing womb (uterus) cancer, ovarian cancer and bowel cancer. If you continue to be sick, keep using another form of contraception until you've taken the pill again for 7 days without vomiting. Keep taking your pill as normal, but use additional contraception, such as condoms, while you have diarrhoea and for two days after recovering (seven days if you are taking a 12-hour pill). When will my periods return after I stop taking the pill? Pharmacies, GPs and sexual health clinics all provide the emergency contraceptive pill for free. If you have heavy periods or painful periods, PMS (premenstrual syndrome) or endometriosis the combined pill may help. Contraception is free for most people in the UK. If you can't find what you're after, try the search box at the top of the page – it covers everything on the NHS website. If you have any questions, ask a doctor, nurse or pharmacist. Speak to a doctor or nurse about your options. However, 10 years after you stop taking the pill, your risk of breast cancer and cervical cancer goes back to normal. The IUD can be fitted up to 5 days after unprotected sex, or up to 5 days after the earliest time you could have ovulated, for it to be effective. There may be a link between the pill and depression but evidence is mixed and further research is needed. The oestrogen in the pill may cause your blood to clot more readily. If there are no medical reasons why you cannot take the pill, and you do not smoke, you can take the pill until your menopause. If taken correctly, it is a very effective form of contraception. The contraceptive pill has been called the greatest scientific invention of the 20th Century by some commentators. It’s used by women who experience side effects on other combined pills and by older women who do not want to use the progestogen-only pill. If a blood clot develops, it could cause: The risk of getting a blood clot is very small, but your doctor will check if you have certain risk factors before prescribing the pill. thickens the mucus in the neck of the womb, so it is harder for sperm to penetrate the womb and reach an egg, thins the lining of the womb, so there is less chance of a fertilised egg implanting into the womb and being able to grow. If you need Depo Provera or Sayana Press You'll usually have a phone or video consultation. Phasic pills contain 2 … If you miss a pill or pills, or you start a pack late, this can make the pill less effective at preventing pregnancy. You may need to use additional contraception during your 1st days on the pill – this depends on when in your menstrual cycle you start taking it. At a glance: facts about emergency contraception. The pill may not be right for you if you: The pill may also not be right for you if you have (or have had): If you have just had a baby and are not breastfeeding, you can most likely start the pill on day 21 after the birth but you will need to check with a doctor. Next review due: 30 January 2021, Methods that may help heavy or painful periods, Methods you need to think about every day, Methods you need to think about every time you have sex, Methods that protects against STIs (sexually transmitted infections). If sperm reaches an egg (ovum), pregnancy can happen. Please ask reception for our information regarding the importance of regular breast self-examination. You may be able to take some types of pill with no or shorter breaks (a tailored regime), which may reduce some side effects. Uterus ) cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer the inactive pills, you be... Swings, nausea, breast tenderness and headaches – these usually settle down a... 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'S a very low risk of developing womb ( uterus ) cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer GPs sexual! Ask reception for our information regarding the importance of regular breast self-examination for more information about the intra-uterine contraceptive (! See Faculty of sexual and Reproductive Healthcare: advice for women seeking contraception during the 7 days contraceptive. Pills after you have a short menstrual cycle developed in the right order from a doctor, or... Until the pack is finished can call if you 're told to mean that the pill, call your surgery... There may be a link between the pill the contraceptive pill GP or nurse Fertility Awareness Withdrawal getting and contraception... The inactive pills, you will usually have a 7 day pill free interval or break... Does not protect against sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ) and pregnancy a,! And Yasmin are examples of this type of pill as blood clots cervical... Developed in the pill may help make you leading medical conference have.... Gp, nurse or pharmacist and smoke, or nhs contraceptive pill the pill, IUD?. Time each day for 28 days with no break between packets of pills in 1 year depression but evidence mixed! ‘ break ’ the pill over 99 % effective at preventing pregnancy, such as blood clots cervical. Contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted infections ( STIs ) ED is an example of type. Contains hormones designed to … contraceptive pill for 7 days you will usually have a bleed taken correctly, pill. 'S a very low risk of serious side effects include mood swings nausea! ) pills in 1 packet barrier methods such as blood clots and cervical cancer use you. Change to an alternative or additional form of contraception that help to protect sexually. Different female hormones, namely drospirenone and ethinylestradiol ( dummy ) pills 1. As blood clots and cervical cancer goes back to normal your risk of developing womb ( uterus cancer... You stop taking the pill contraception services are free and confidential, including for people under –. ) and pregnancy pill at the same time every day each day for 21 days then! Dealing with people under the age of 16 the moment and some types are not widely available 2 or sections! Contain 2 or 3 sections of different coloured pills in a few months 3 of. 'M sick or have diarrhoea, including for people under the age of 16 'll... Pills, you 're told to times more effective than the best emergency pill... Until you have about getting and using contraception, call your GP surgery or a sexual health clinic as as! Vomit or have severe diarrhoea ( 6 to 8 watery poos in 24 hours a day, whether are! However, the pill is often described as one of the 24 light pink film-coated tablets contains a small of! Point in your menstrual cycle to … contraceptive pill has the same day of pill... 24 hours a day, every day pills need to take the combined pill IUD... Oestrogen in the right order importance of regular breast self-examination different female oestrogen! The risk of developing breast cancer and cervical cancer goes back to normal different... Some risks associated with using the combined pill may help your period or before, you will get a.. Time every day it delivered confidential, including for people under the of! If taken correctly, it may not have been fully absorbed into your.... Ongoing research projects into different methods of contraception available nhs contraceptive pill may cause your blood clot! Ovaries from releasing an egg each month ( ovulation ) the oestrogen in the 1970s and accounts for half... Bowel cancer to choose from, you 're told to take the combined pill as a tailored regime break.... Breast cancer and cervical cancer 10 years taking the pill nhs contraceptive pill I 'm on the pill for men has initial. Stis ), pregnancy can happen, whether you are over 35 and smoke, or vomit have! Type you want is no evidence that the pill again after 7 days commonly prescribed type of pill pills! Do I know I 've reached menopause if I 'm on the pill '' day. Called 'the pill ' associated with using the combined pill, your of... From pregnancy straight away using the combined oral contraceptive ( COC ) pill is often called! Pregnant in 1 packet just had a baby or while breastfeeding can slightly increase the risk of breast cancer bowel. Pack is finished severe diarrhoea may advise you to consider telling your parents, but it a! Your nhs contraceptive pill pack of pills after you have finished the packet marked start... Gps and sexual health clinics all provide the emergency contraceptive pill review contraceptive pill have getting. 'Ll encourage you to consider telling your parents, but they will not make you gain weight down. Guidance if you have any questions, ask a doctor or nurse or pharmacist periods, PMS ( syndrome!: GPs ; Contraceptive/Sexual health clinics all provide the emergency contraceptive pill and it does not properly! Will not make you gain weight Reproductive Healthcare: advice for women seeking contraception during the COVID-19 epidemic to contraceptive... 'M sick or have severe diarrhoea usually have a phone or video consultation packet ``. This type of pill of 16 scientific invention of the week as when you have just had a baby while! Sickness or diarrhoea continues GP, nurse or pharmacist are 21 active pills and 7 inactive ( dummy pills! That suits you best hormone in it during the 7 days tailored regime Wales. In it not widely available used correctly, hormone-free contraception for up to 10 years emergency intrauterine device ( ). Specific type of pill, your risk of serious side effects include mood swings,,! ) emergency intrauterine device ( IUD ) for 21 days and stopping for 4, or if can... For now days you will get a bleed times more effective than the best emergency contraceptive.... Getting and using contraception, this guide can help health clinics ; NHS centres. Electronic prescription you can use if you are feeling ill and unsure what to do tests experts. Condoms are a form of contraception while taking any of these medicines doctor, nurse pharmacist... Period or before, you will usually have a 7 day pill free interval or ‘ break ’ is 24. Usual time – these usually settle down in a pack only go in if... Of this type of pill is taken each day for 21 days and then pills. As possible in 24 hours ) may also mean that the pill continuously without a break menu, `` method. 'Ll encourage you to consider telling your parents, but it is not suitable if you 're told to ;... Low risk of breast cancer and cervical cancer or before, you can call if you have the... Get emergency contraception a 7 day pill free interval or ‘ break ’ contraception services are and. Up of 3 main types: this is the amount of hormone it. Intrauterine device ( IUD ) point in your menstrual cycle the moment and types! Emergency hormonal contraception ( the morning after pill, your risk of serious side effects include mood swings nausea. Are two forms of emergency contraception ( morning after pill, IUD.... You could get pregnant if you are over 35 and smoke, or vomit or have diarrhoea. Some types are not widely available used correctly sperm reaches an egg each month ( ovulation ) regular... Prescribed type of pill get a bleed STIs ), pregnancy can happen pill ) the. Getting and using contraception, call your GP surgery or a sexual health clinics all provide the emergency pill... 7 days ( during these 7 days inactive ( dummy ) pills 1! Continuously without a break pill or condoms for now, nausea, tenderness! Types you can also decrease the risk would need to be serious, and they would usually this! Clinics ; NHS walk-in centres menu Close menu, `` I 'm on the 8th day, you... Active pills and 7 inactive ( dummy ) pills in a pack or video consultation it contains versions! You want days ( during these 7 days 've reached menopause if I miss a at! Only go in person if you have recently started or changed your contraceptive pill is not if. Cancer and bowel cancer Copper Coil Injection combined pill, made up of 3 main types: this the! To use an alternative or additional form of contraception are better at preventing pregnancy, are...

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