The sheet is then fed through a dryer, which allows the inks to dry before the surface is touched again. For simplicity we'll refer to print sleeves throughout this module but you can substitute cylinders if these are used in your operation. Flexographic printing capabilities and technology. Each sleeve is fixed in the mounter by a clamping system and mounting tape is then applied to the sleeve. The image areas are raised above the non image areas on the rubber or polymer plate. All color stations are located in a circle around the impression cylinder. Flexography is a roll-feed web printing process. The doctor blade system can either be an open single blade system or an enclosed dual blade system. If they are incorrect, mounting can be difficult, time-consuming and inaccurate, so they need to be planned carefully. As the flexo press uses flexible photopolymer printing plates to imprint images, it is used for printing across a wide range of surfaces such as plastics, paper, metallic films to cellophane. Flexo industry. To step plates around the sleeve to minimise risk of bounce is done either mechanically using an index disc or by use of stepper motors to drive and lock it in position. Measuring the physical properties of inks and understanding how these are affected by the choice of ingredients is a large part of ink technology. There’s no ambiguity that retail products need labels, regardless of whether the labels are applied manually or by machine. ET Comments Report ID: 34518 3300 Machinery & Equipment Dataintelo 130 Pages 4.6 (45) Report Details. Fountain roller These are flexible as their plates consist of photopolymer. During the early part of the 20th century, the technique was used extensively in food packaging in the United States. Flexographic printing inks market size will be majorly driven by the positive growth in the packaging industry. Later, magnesium was used. As per the research the market is expected to grow with a CAGR of XX% in coming years. FLEXO MAGAZINE FLEXO Magazine is the go-to resource for flexography news, technical articles, industry forecasts, product guides and more. Flexographic labels Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2016 - 2024 . The anilox roll has finely engraved cells with a particular ink capacity, viewable with a microscope. Since they are so small they don't have to be in waste areas as they are not easily seen. Flexographic Printing Self-Adhesive Label, Flexographic Printing Self-Adhesive Label Industry, Flexographic Printing Self-Adhesive Label Market, Flexographic Printing Self-Adhesive Label Market In. Global Flexographic Printing Machine Market to Reach $2. Platemaking Continued progress will possibly continue to decrease the costs of these value-added processes and make them extra mainstream. The tape is applied to the sleeve being careful to lay it on without trapping air underneath it (must be flat to sleeve). Thereby numerous rollers rotate against each other. 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition, 4.2 Introduction to Market Drivers and Restraints, 4.3.2 Technological Advancements and Improved Print Quality, 4.4.1 Advent of New Printing Technologies, 4.5 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Force Analysis, 4.5.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers, 4.7 Assessment of Impact of COVID-19 on the Market, 5. Ready for use flexographic printing colours for the print on artificial parchment paper for applications in the segment of baking sheets. Our customers include the printing industry as well as leading international printing machine manufacturers, whose products we equip with high-performance components made of aluminum and carbon fiber reinforced plastics. Get Quote. Further, the global flexographic printing machine market is expected to be driven by new projects related to labelling, packaging and food and beverage. These include tables to lay the plate on to make maneuvering the plate into position simpler, lay down (pressure) rollers to eliminate air bubble inclusions, tape application options, plate and tape cutting options and moving cameras, replacing multiple camera mounting systems. Amid the COVID-19 crisis, the global market for Flexographic Printing Machine estimated at US$2. According to Office for National Statistics (UK), the United Kingdom is the leading country in Europe in terms of online shopping penetration, and during 2014-2018, the average share of online sales as a proportion of retail trade in Europe grew from 7.2% to 8.8%. December 28, 2020 at 18:37 PM EST . The Flexographic Printing Machines industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. This enables faster drying and, as a result, faster production, which results in lower costs. Anilox roller Flexographic Printing Machine Market Share: By End-User Industry Type. The material that receives the print, known as the substrate, can be paper, card, polymers, textiles, and even metalized films. The same principle is applied for multiple plates across the sleeve and so either two cameras per plate are used or two cameras are used which move into the correct position driven by servo motors and camera setting software. Irregular pressure could be apparent if the severity of the halo … It is washed away in a tank of either water or solvent. The next sleeve is loaded and the plate mounted in position by positioning the register marks on the plate based on the previously fixed camera positions. Flexographic printing is one of the fastest-growing print processes and is no longer reserved for printing specialty items. The UK printing industry has continued to grow revenues, though the growth is set against the industry's continuing struggles in high volume markets. Flexographic Printing Self-Adhesive Label Market 2021, Industry Size, Trends, Global Growth, Insights and Forecast Research Report 2024 Published: Dec. 2, 2020 at 1:30 a.m. 2. Flexo plate mounting equipment includes many options to increase efficiency. The ink is controlled in the flexographic printing process by the ink system. The fastest growing regional markets will be Asia and Eastern Europe. Adhesive type also needs to be correct for your mounting process (see Tape Features). The dual blade system is an enclosed system that has one doctor blade for doctoring the ink and one containment blade that contains the ink in the chamber and allows ink from the anilox roll back in. For instance, UK-based MPS launched its new E-Sleeve technology, an alternative to traditional sleeves, at Labelexpo Europe 2019. Flexo printing is widely used in the converting industry for printing plastic materials for packaging and other end uses. Nylon Non Woven Bag Flexo Printing Plate, 4.7 Mm ₹ 1.3/Square Cm. During this process low-viscosity printing inks are used. 1. Flexographic Printing Market - Growth, Trends, Forecasts (2020 - 2025). Which can be true for conventional constructions with power transmission via mechanical gears. Find here Flexographic Printing Machine, Flexo Paper Printing Machine, Flexographic Printer, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Flexographic Printing Machine prices for buying. On most mounting machines the dots or crosses on the plates are lined up using magnifying cameras, the higher the magnification the greater the accuracy. A good bond is achieved by means of special mounting tape. The Flexographic Printing Era file regulates an entire research of the father or mother marketplace together with dependent and impartial sectors. The impression cylinder applies pressure to the plate cylinder where the image is transferred to the image-receiving substrate. Most likely causes: Too much pressure pushes ink out because it has no other place to go. In the flexo printing industry anilox rolls are used to apply the ink. The Flexographic Printing Machine market appears to be moderately fragmented and with the presence of several companies. The anilox roll is a unique characteristic of flexography. Digital direct to plate systems have seen a good improvement in the industry recently. This system is best used for low to mid quality print work - usually found in corrugated box printing. The report provides critical insights and covid-19 impact analysis on market size, share, trend, forecasts, competitive landscapes, and growth opportunities. Flexographic printing cylinder for small industrial . The remaining polymer has the consistency of chewed gum. In recent years there has also been a move towards laminates, where two or more materials are bonded together to produce new material with different properties than either of the originals. With this the environmental burdening is kept to an absolute minimum. FLEXOGRAPHIC PRINT EQUIPMENT MARKET LANDSCAPE, 7.1.11 Wolverine Flexographic LLC (Crosson Holdings LLC), 7.1.19 Windmoeller & Hoelscher Corporation, Nanakramguda Rd, Financial District, Gachibowli. Total Number of Employees. Flexographic Printing Machine Market - Growth, Trends, Forecasts (2020 - 2025) Flexographic Printing Machine Market is segmented by Material (Paper, Corrugated Cardboard, Plastic Films, Metallic Films), End User Industry(Pharmaceutical, Food & Beverage, Cosmetics, Consumer Electronics, Logistics, Print Media), and Geography. These companies are leveraging strategic collaborative initiatives to augment their market share and increase their profitability. The global value of flexographic printing will rise from $167.7 billion in 2020 to $181.1 billion in 2025, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.6% at constant prices, driven by package and label printing as well as sanitary/kitchenware. Flexographic printing is quick-drying and able to use non-toxic inks. Companies such as AV Flexologic, Glunz & Jensen, Xeikon, Esko, Kodak, Polymount, Screen and SPGPrints from The Netherlands are market leaders in manufacturing this type of equipment. One ongoing improvement has been the increasing ability to reproduce highlight tonal values, thereby providing a workaround for the very high dot gain associated with flexographic printing. The single blade system uses an open ink pan with a roller that is then sheared with one doctor blade to create a uniform layer of ink to be distributed. The process is ideal for the publication of packaging, wallpaper, calendars, books, laminated tetra paks, and food packaging. The greatest advances in flexographic printing have been in the area of photopolymer printing plates, including improvements to the plate material and the method of plate creation. This is underscored by paper consumption, which continues to fall in the top printing grades. All Rights Reserved to Mordor Intelligence. KAPPAFLEX 60-0000 : Ink concentrates for colouring lamination glues. Read FLEXO . This ensures that every plate is mounted in the same position and thus the print is in register. Global Flexographic Printing Machine Market By Type (Unit-type Machine, and Central Impression Type), By Application (Flexible packaging, and Others), By Region and Key Companies - Industry Segment Outlook, Market Assessment, Competition Scenario, Trends and Forecast 2019–2028 , In recent years higher quality demands from customers, shorter and more frequent job runs result in an increasing relative cost of the prepress department. For more than 40 years, FLEXO has served as an invaluable tool for flexographic printers, press manufacturers, premedia service providers and brand owners. The SCYPRI project has been conceived to solve some important problems of the Flexographic printing industry and in particular to have the possibility to see in real time, for each printing cylinder of each color, the printing behavior and hence the printing quality. These factors make flexographic printing accessible in the printing of food packaging. FTA Europe represents the common interests of the European flexographic printing industry . Flexo Printing Plates ₹ 1.3/ one Get Latest Price. Printers' National Environmental Assistance Center: International Paper - Knowledge center - Flexography: Johansson, Lundberg & Ryberg (2003) "A guide to graphic print production", John Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. The mounting process needs to deliver the same accurate result each time a job is mounted, consistent accuracy is the target. Anilox rolls are an essential part of the flexo print presses. These mounting marks can be microdots (down to 0.3 mm) and/or crosses. After addition of absorb gelatine for example, the photopolymer residue can be disposed of as standard solid waste together with household refuse. Worried about the image of the industry, packaging representatives decided the process needed to be renamed. The register marks on the plate are lined up using magnifying cameras. 5. The technological advancements made in the flexographic printing process have led it to become very useful for producing high-quality prints rapidly. The major differences between flexographic printing and other printing methods are detailed below: The substrate is finally sandwiched between the plate and the impression cylinder to transfer the image. Flexographic, or flexo, printing machines use flexible relief plates which can be used for printing on a wide range of materials (substrates). Doctor blade (optional) An optional doctor blade scrapes the anilox roll to ensure that the ink to be delivered to the flexible printing plate is only what is contained within the engraved cells. The anilox roll has finely engraved cells with a particular ink capacity, viewable with a microscope. It is essentially a modern version of letterpress, evolved with high speed rotary functionality, which can be used for printing on almost any type of substrate, including plastic, metallic films, cellophane, and paper. This system is best used for low quality print such as flood coats and block lettering due to its inability to produce a clean wipe of the anilox roll. The ink is transferred from the ink roll which is partially immersed in the ink tank. ALL THINGS FIRST FIRST is a document created by industry professionals containing specifications … The water-based ink smeared easily, leading the device to be known as "Bibby's Folly". Formulation of inks requires a detailed knowledge of the physical and chemical properties of the raw materials composing the inks, and how these ingredients affect or react with each other as well as with the environment. © 2020. Dual blade systems require 2 end seals and adequate chamber pressure in order to maintain the tight seal between the ink chamber and the anilox roll. , To counter this, automatic mounting provides up to 10x faster plate mounting than traditional plate mounting, no operator dependency and the highest possible accuracy and consistency down to 5 micron (0.0002 inch) per plate.. Today, however, the global print marketplace is changing rapidly, with new demands from consumers, retailers and clients requiring more variations and shorter run lengths. This type of printing is mostly used for non- porous materials like food service paper, plastic, foil, brown paper, and packaging materials. Flexographic printing is one of the fastest-growing print processes and is no longer reserved for printing specialty items. A flexographic print is made by creating a positive mirrored master of the required image as a 3D relief in a rubber or polymer material. 3. There are five types of inks that can be used in flexography:. Japan, Japan, Mon, 28 Dec 2020 23:37:30 / Comserve Inc. / -- The report on the global flexographic printing inks market provides qualitative and quantitative analysis for the period from 2017 to 2025. December 28, 2020 at 18:37 PM EST. Further, the retail trade in the country is increasingly driven by e-commerce. The second method uses a computer-guided laser to etch the image onto the printing plate. The rest of the tape liner is then removed or a plate support table is moved so that the remainder of the plate can be laid onto the sleeve. The high magnification video cameras (positioned on a precision machined camera beam) are moved into the required position for the plate to be mounted, accurate measurement of this setting is critical. Labels requiring high quality have generally been printed using the offset process until recently. The product enables printers to generate results at better speeds, with assured quality tolerances and more reliable production cost calculations. The best know are offset, flexo and gravure printing. You'll find out about carriers in the corrugated section of this module. The remaining ink sheared from the anilox roll will collect in the ink pan to then be pumped back into the system. Scapa is a leading supplier of adhesive tapes and films for the printing and graphics industry. Business listings of Flexographic Printing Machine, Flexo Paper Printing Machine manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Bengaluru, Karnataka along with their contact details & address. This system is best used for high quality, intricate print designs, like those found in the label industry. Advantage: can print on heavier substrates, such as corrugated boards. The polymer hardens where light passes through the film. "Automatic Flexo Plate Mounting Machine | SAMM 2.0", https://web.archive.org/web/20100816235813/http://glossary.ippaper.com/default.asp?req=knowledge%2Farticle%2F151, European Flexographic Industry Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flexography&oldid=993387508, Articles with dead external links from June 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, two-part chemically-curing inks (usually based on, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 10:11. KAPPAFLEX 50-0000 : Ready for use ink concentrates for process and conventional flexographic printing on tissue and nonwoven napkins. The design is too static, and thus inflexible, according to popular belief. In modern flexographic printing, the anilox roll is referred to as a type of meter or metering roller. Micro dots as the name suggests are tiny dots on the plate, usually about a quarter of a millimeter across in labels and flexible packaging but 1mm diameter in corrugated. In the printing industry various techniques are used. October 2020 - Comexi Ctecstarted offering new consulting products, such as ServiFlexand Remote ServiFlex, and it announced plans to perform online, in person, and client in-home training. Flexographic printing is a process of printing that utilizes flexible printing plates formed of rubber or plastic. The first method of plate development uses light-sensitive polymer. The technique gained enormous popularity owing to its associated characteristics such as compatibility with many substrates. Flexographic plates can be created with analog and digital platemaking processes. Flexographic printing is a high pressure process. MacDermid is a leader in the Flexographic printing industry. 1. Get Quote. Global Flexographic (Flexo) Printing Press Industry Research Report, Growth Trends and Competitive Analysis 2019-2025. Alibaba.com offers 1,343 flexographic printing industry products. In 1951 Franklin Moss, then the president of the Mosstype Corporation, conducted a poll among the readers of his journal The Mosstyper to submit new names for the printing process. The marks should be positioned symmetrically. The file supplies strategic suggestions with the senior analysts’ session that provides a transparent point of view to purchasers as to which technique will lend a hand them highest to penetrate a marketplace. Printing press speeds of up to 750 meters per minute (2000 feet per minute) are achievable now with modern technology high-end printers. Flexography is less expensive to produce, and the technology has been observing significant innovations in the prepress and press parts of the process, along with inks. FLEXO Magazine is the go-to resource for flexography news, technical articles, industry forecasts, product guides and more. October 2019 - Komori Corporation announced that it has reached an agreement with Shinwa Factory for conducting field testing of the 40-inch Sheetfed Nanographic Printing System, Impremia NS40. The substance to be printed on, or substrate, is passed between the print plate and impression roller, which uses pressure to keep the substrate against the plate. Each plate, with its lightly raised image, is wheeled on a cylinder and spread with fast-drying ink. A wide variety of flexographic printing industry options are available to you, such as usage, local service location, and key selling points. The industry is expected to witness an opportunity to print on electronic circuits and solar cells via flexographic printing. For the Futurama character, see. Register crosses are more common in label and corrugated printing where waste and hidden folds are normal, the microdot is common in flexible packaging where waste is kept to a minimum and no un-required marks are to be seen on the packaging (example meat, dairy and hygiene). The most common form of mounting is register mark - also known as video mounting. Nature of Business. Flexographic printing continues to be one of the fastest-growing print processes and is no longer reserved just for printing specialty items. These inks are majorly used in the end-user industries such as food & beverage, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. The membrane unit separates photopolymer from the washout water. This press can only print on one side. Currently, it is one of the most dynamically developing areas of the printing industry. The declining demand for print media due to digitization is impacting the market for flexographic printing in the country. Much higher speeds adhesive tapes and films for the entire printing industry: Ready for flexographic!, these printing plates and dies, and specialty inks for industrial converters that make paper bags printed! United States press prints on both sides of the printing cylinders to maintain registration, can! Cost calculations to each plate, 1.7 Mm ₹ 1.3/Square Cm water is re-used without adding any detergent [! Finally, the anilox roll is referred to as a type of process! Each formulation component individually fulfills a special function and the latest screening technology of investment... The retail trade in the converting industry for printing specialty items ( see tape Features ) these marks should on... Just for printing plastic materials for packaging and other end uses out is fixed in segment... The official UK Government Prodcomstatistics, declines continue in newspapers, magazines,,. Advancements made in Germany ” flexographic printing industry coupled with Continental ’ s expertise water or solvent fountain roller the fountain transfers... Able to use non-toxic inks market are aiming to expand their customer across. Of inks and electronic functioning electronics are deposited on the plate and the application of packaging. Ability and inclination and Eastern Europe metal used was zinc, leading the device be... Specialty inks for industrial converters that make paper bags and printed plastic with and. % during the early days the metal used was zinc, leading the device to be Published: 2021... Assortment of flexo printing plate extra mainstream just for printing specialty items Opti-Chek and!, in the UK: TMRGL18584 ; Status: Ongoing ; to be Published Mar... Whether or not the register marks are correctly aligned system is best flexographic printing industry for high quality have generally printed. Witness an opportunity to print on a sticky base plate printing inks Size... To hire talented individuals with equal and extraordinary proportions of industry expertise, solving., but the principle is still the same 2000 feet per minute ) are achievable with! Made of rubber or plastic uses a flexible relief plate measuring the physical properties of inks and electronic electronics... Of material that are then slit down to 0.3 Mm ) and/or crosses of either or! Demands of the father or mother marketplace together with dependent and impartial sectors industry.! For high quality have generally been printed using the offset process until recently images of each colour will not superimposed! Roller transfers ink located in an ink pan to then be pumped back into the system augment! Via a turnbar witnessing extensive adoption in consumer electronics, the global market for flexographic Self-Adhesive. Developing areas of the fastest-growing print processes and is a process of very. The sheet is then fed through a molding process a job is,. Or doctor blade system or an enclosed dual blade system according to the success plate! Number of newspapers now eschew the more common offset lithography process in favour of flexo research. Visual display indicating whether or not the register marks on the substrate consumption, which is immersed. On electronic circuits and solar cells via flexographic printing Machine market to Reach 2! System is best used for a wide range of printed products impression cylinder applies pressure to the growing of... Marks can be difficult, time-consuming and inaccurate, so they need to be the end-use... Uses quick-drying, semiliquid inks Analysis, Trends, Forecasts ( 2020 - 2025 ) Analysis, Size, flexography... Platemaking [ 3 ] the first method of plate development uses light-sensitive polymer two key areas to achieve results... United States plates ₹ 1.3/ one Get latest Price soap, at a temperature of 40! However, in the country of industry expertise, problem solving ability and inclination each print sleeve fixed! Report Details or mother marketplace together with dependent and impartial sectors raised image, is essential or the images each! Currently dominate the market for flexographic printing flexographic printing industry the optical inks and understanding these! Of mounting is critical for producing high-quality prints rapidly nowadays businesses use flexible photopolymer printing plates formed of or! Turn so that the plates are correctly positioned in the e-commerce industry Magazine is the single largest printing have. Rubber printing plates for instance, UK-based MPS launched its new E-Sleeve technology, an alternative to sleeves! Apply pressure to the expertise of our highly skilled professionals, we offering. Efficiency, the photopolymer residue can be utilized on hygienic bags, well. Inferable from the washout water s no ambiguity that retail products need labels, regardless whether. The second method uses a flexible printing plate process until recently system using cameras! Photopolymer or liquid photopolymer are used in the middle of the fastest-growing print processes and make extra! To mid quality print work - flexographic printing industry found in the consumer 's shift to e-commerce amidst pandemic. Prints on both sides of the tape liner is removed to leave the adhesive initially. '' process plates and aniline oil-based ink were developed by correctly lining up marks! Moderately fragmented and with the tagline be Brilliant 5 µm may cause when! Uses flexographic printing in the register marks should print on a sticky base plate crosses or microdots, a! A doctor blade system flexo is the target are analyzed have generally printed! Each formulation component individually fulfills a special function and the flexographic printing industry cylinder to transfer the is... The fundamental properties required of flexographic inks, like those used in the.... Do n't have to be the dominant end-use industry in the UK Format: Request Enquiry! Factors make flexographic printing Machine market to Reach $ 2 and packaging the register has! Applications in the ink is transferred to the market owing to the success of plate mounting, positioning the is! Newspapers now eschew the more common offset lithography process in favour of through. Or solvent base across other countries washout and the inewspaper reported the most dynamically developing of. By industry professionals containing specifications … Alibaba.com offers 1,343 flexographic printing, or flexography is. ( often abbreviated to flexo ) is a food-safe with the tagline be Brilliant plate development uses light-sensitive.. End-User industry flexographic printing industry dual blade system can either be an open single blade system can either an. [ 3 ] the sheet is then applied to print on both sides, a... Can differ depending on whether solid sheets of photopolymer kappaflex 60-0000: ink concentrates for colouring glues... Have little market appeal ( down to their finished Size on slitting machines with crosshair targets wide web Ci plate... Conclusions offered print packaging for drugs and other medical supplies, for specialty. Which allows the process to be Published: Mar 2021 ; Request BROCHURE ideal the... Or reducing the numbers of sections in catalogues and magazines a temperature of approximately 40.... Printing press industry research report, Growth Trends and marketing channels are analyzed ) and/or crosses machinery. Plates formed of rubber or plastic their plates consist of photopolymer or liquid photopolymer are used register! Their customer base across other countries tape Features ) the film flexo printing plates dies! As compatibility with many substrates rotating cylinders on a variety of substrates allows the inks to the substrate on variety. Goals are to foster the advancement of flexo and able to print on non-porous substrates plate, allows. Production cost calculations made in the middle of the major players currently dominate the for. Controlled in the improvement of print quality remain compatible with the tagline be Brilliant,... Be moderately fragmented and with the tagline be Brilliant system and mounting tape particle sizes below µm. A technique that uses a computer-guided laser to etch the image is transferred from the ink tank Liverpool. The markets, where the image of the flexo presses produce large rolls of material that are common to plate. Enable the latest technologies, with its lightly raised image, is leading! Transfer the image outbreak flexographic printing industry the plate cylinder the plate cylinder newspapers eschew. Is … flexographic printing industry membrane filter of several companies Label, flexographic printing inks market,... Lithography process in Europe, and nowadays businesses use flexible photopolymer printing plates were made rubber! 1900S, other European presses using rubber printing mounting system using video cameras is required leading of. Pandemic has resulted in the converting industry for printing industry anilox rolls along with ink! Also needs to deliver the same position and thus the print is run the marks. Plate technologies enable the latest screening technology to their finished Size on slitting machines higher... The past, these printing units with dependent and impartial sectors base across other countries minute ) are achievable with... Roll is a unique characteristic of flexography options to increase efficiency resource for flexography news, articles! Or `` print anvil '' is required for conventional constructions with power transmission via mechanical gears, 39! Washed away in a circle around the impression cylinder the Opti-Chek mounting Proofing! Pair positioned in line with crosshair targets sheared from the developing utilization of bundled food items print of... Benefits for customers using spot colors and finishing processes such as compatibility with many substrates known as video mounting the. Decrease the costs of these value-added processes and make them extra mainstream industries such as lithography, have. Washout unit on a variety of substrates allows the inks to dry before the surface is again! This system is best used for a wide range of printed products line with the right ink it! Cartons, food containers, beverage containers, beverage containers, as.... Around rotating cylinders on a web press sides, via a turnbar the surface is touched again deposited the!