sunderland to durham railway line

[27] They were replaced by a new station at Heworth, opened on the same day. 31/07/1893 Nonetheless, the decline of the British coal industry meant that this traffic, too, was steadily lost, commencing with the cessation of mining operations at Blackhall Colliery, on 16 April 1981[24] and culminating with that at Wearmouth Colliery, on 24 November 1993. Much of the Consett & Sunderland Railway Path follows the line of the former Stanhope & Tyne Railway. The ultimate goal of a half-hourly service and new stations (Phase 2) was put on hold when the Strategic Rail Authority came into being and funding disappeared. The route itself takes you past the new Stadium of Light, along the riverside, through the marina and onto the beach at Roker. Heavy rail passenger services, predominantly operated Northern Trains, and some freight services operate over the whole length of the line; it provides an important diversionary route at times when the East Coast Main Line is closed. Light rail services of the Tyne and Wear Metro's Green Line also operate over the same tracks between a junction just south of Sunderland station and Pelaw Junction (just east of Pelaw Metro station). Spent nuclear rods are also railed out for re-processing at Sellafield from Hartlepool Nuclear Power Station. (interactive map … Like the rest of the railways discussed here, the LS&SR later introduced a passenger service on 2 July 1855 between Seaham and Hendon Burn. [26], The former British Rail stations on the Durham Coast Line at Felling and Pelaw were closed on 5 November 1979, in order to enable their conversion for use by the Tyne and Wear Metro. Lambton worm bike section, Coast to Coast, Sunderland to Consett railway line, Durham, UK DJI drone So people drive to Durham or Newcastle and numbers drop; perhaps if we had decent services and a connection to Durham or an upgraded Durham coast line then numbers would grow but its catch22, fewer numbers give network … Freight traffic on the line continued to thrive, whilst the collieries along the line (and a few short sections of the older east–west lines which had been retained as branches for mineral traffic) were still in operation. [4] However its construction was contingent on the NER purchasing the Londonderry Railway's Seaham to Sunderland route and this was not agreed until 1900 when the NER agreed to pay £387,000 for it. The South Hetton line or Braddyll’s Railway 1833-1984. The opening of the Clarence was closely followed by the Hartlepool Dock & Railway, a similar concern, intended to link the collieries surrounding the City of Durham, to the coast at Hartlepool (rather than the River Tees). The Past. Looking south-east along the line towards, (between Pelaw Junction & Sunderland South Junction), Amalgamations and the creation of a through route, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, "Delivering a better railway for a better Britain: Route Specifications 2019 London North Eastern and East Midlands", "List of dates from 1 January 1985 to 20 January 2006 of last passenger trains at closed BR (or Network Rail stations since privatisation)", "Disused Stations: Felling Station (2nd Site)", "Disused stations: Gateshead East Station [Image 23]", "Poster for the New Billingham Station – 1966", "Durham Mining Museum - Blackhall Colliery", "Durham Mining Museum - Wearmouth Colliery", "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] ofclosuredatestopassenge2682.pdf", "Disused Stations: Felling Station (3rd site", "Tyne and Wear Metro shares tracks to Sunderland - Railway Gazette", "Disused Stations: Pelaw Station (4th site)", "Queen swaps Royal Train for the Metro - The Telegraph", "East Durham to get new railway station after £4.4 million Government funding announcement", "Work starts on new £10.55m Horden Railway Station", "East Durham to get new railway station after £4.4 million Government funding announcement - Sunderland Echo", "Work on new train station slowed by coronavirus – but launch should still happen this summer", "North East customers get extra Newcastle - Carlisle services", "Northern launches North East's first fully refurbished train", "Northern's refurbished trains – creating jobs and boosting the economy", Birtley to Wear Valley Junction via Consett line, Ferryhill to Bishop Auckland via Beyers Green line, Hartlepool–Murton and Hartlepool–Ferryhill lines, Bishop Auckland to Kirkby Stephen East via Barnard Castle line, South Shields, Marsden, and Whitburn Colliery Railway, Thornaby to Wellfield via Redmarshall line, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durham_Coast_Line&oldid=995019961, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 19:45. [6] However competition from other railways[7] meant that the H&DR main line only reached as far as Haswell and most of its branches were either cut short or left unbuilt; the curtailed line opened for mineral traffic on 23 November 1835[5] and passengers four years later. The Durham & Sunderland Railway opened to both passenger and mineral traffic between Sunderland Town Moor, and collieries at Hetton-le-Hole and Haswell in 1836,[8] competing directly with the HD&R for coal traffic from the latter. The properties, in Green Lane, Durham City, once formed part of the former Durham Elvet Railway Station, which served the Durham-Sunderland Line up to the 1950s. [5], However the DCL itself was not seriously affected by the closures, until it began to lose stations from 1960 onwards. [4], The last of the independent railways that became part of the modern DCL was the Londonderry, Seaham & Sunderland Railway of 1854, constructed, primarily, to enable coal traffic from the extensive Londonderry Railway colliery railway network to be diverted from Seaham Harbour (which had become unable to handle the large volumes of coal passing through it) to the recently constructed South Dock at Sunderland[8] and thus followed route which parallel the D&SR north of Ryhope. Lines develop from a few small independent competing railway companies in the first half of the 19th century, which eventually came under the control of the North-Eastern railway. A year later the first waggon passed over the newly-completed Durham and Sunderland Railway … 2 and an unidentified 0-6-0T are closest to the shed building. Almost immediately work began to construct a second railway from the new harbour to the hinterland, paid … [19] The other notable improvement during this period was the opening of additional stations at Blackhall Colliery on the NER-built Seaham to Hart line in 1936,[17] and at Seaburn on the former Brandling Junction Railway in 1937. Alternatively, Go North East operates a bus from Sunderland, Royal Courts to Durham, Leazes Road - Millburngate Br every 15 minutes. The Durham–Sunderland line was a railway line in the North East of England. [29] Such funding was awarded in 1999 and, along with £8 million provided by Nexus and a further £40 million invested by Railtrack, enabled construction work to commence in June 2000. [4] Thus, from 1865, one company was in control of the whole through route between Middlesbrough, Hartlepool, Sunderland and Newcastle, although the lines remained largely unconnected. Durham and Sunderland Railway opened in 1836 from Sunderland Town Moor NZ4057 to Ryhope NZ4152, Seaton Bank Top NZ3949, Murton NZ3847, Haswell NZ3743 and Pittington NZ3245. After many years of development work undertaken by Durham County Council, £10.5 million of funding was agreed in July 2017 to open a new station at Horden,[32] approximately 200 yards (180 m) north of the site earlier[33] (1905-1964) station. There was to be a triangular junction for access to the Durham and Sunderland Railway^s Durham Elvet station. [8], On 1 January 1948, the London & North Eastern Railway became part of the nationalised British Railways, and, along with other lines in the North East, the Durham Coast Line originally became part of its North Eastern Region. [4] Combined with the 1873 realignment of the south to east curve at Norton Junction, which eased the severity of its curvature,[4] this massively improved the connections between Hartlepool and the rest of the Teesside region. [29] As part of this project, three new purpose-built Metro stations were constructed along the Durham Coast Line at Fellgate, Stadium of Light and St Peter's, the latter of which was constructed close to the site of the long-closed Monkwearmouth station. It was under their direction that these lines were gradually linked together to eventually create the Durham Coast Line in 1905. [29] The non-standard electrification system used by the Metro makes this section of the DCL the only Network Rail line to still use the 1,500V DC overhead line system. V3 67636 with empty stock from Heaton CS for the Durham Rail Tour of 13 October 1962. [17] The construction of these viaducts required the opening of a special brickfield and, in the case of Denemouth Viaduct, the creation of a temporary 800 feet (240 m) cableway spanning valley.[17]. The line no longer exists, but many features along its path are still visible. Finally, in 1854, the YN&BR, LNR, and York & North Midland Railway were amalgamated to form the North Eastern Railway which eventually absorbed the WHH&R in 1865. 5 heads a line of NCB industrial tank engines and a brake van in front of the engine shed at Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. [4] These closures included the inland West Hartlepool to Sunderland route through Haswell (the main line between the two towns until 1905), which lost its passenger service on 9 June 1952. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}54°46′23″N 1°33′54″W / 54.773°N 1.565°W / 54.773; -1.565, List of closed railway lines in Great Britain, "Subterranea Britannia, Disused Stations", Durham Elvet end of the line on OpenStreetMap, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durham–Sunderland_line&oldid=984089787, Closed railway lines in North East England, 1838 establishments in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 03:06. There are 5 ways to get from Sunderland to Castleside by train, bus, taxi or car. [4] One year after the LNR reached Stockton, the newly created West Hartlepool Harbour & Railway (now owners of the Clarence lines) began to share the LNR station at North Stockton. The company obtained a further Act of 16 June 1834 which permitted construction of an additional branch to Gilesgate in the City of Durham. The south end of … The Durham Coast Line is an approximately 39.5 miles (63.6 km) railway line running between Newcastle and Middlesbrough in North East England. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Railways and Waggonways in County Durham These maps show the pre-1974 boundaries of County Durham, after which Gateshead, South Tyneside, Sunderland, Darlington, Stockton on Tees and Hartlepool became independent local government authorities. Despite the wide range of large industrial complexes at Seal Sands, very few of these organisations use rail as a method of transport. LNER operates a train from Sunderland to Durham once daily. One major issue was that any services running between Hartlepool and Sunderland still had to ascend or descend both the 1:44 incline at Seaton Bank, and the aforementioned incline at Hesleden Bank. In 1832 the Hartlepool Dock and Railway Company began to build a passenger/freight line from Hartlepool to Haswell (via Hart Station, Hesleden, Wellfield and Shotton) with the intention of pushing through to Pittington, Moorsley, Rainton and beyond and hopefully diverting coal trade from collieries en route towards Hartlepool. [4] The opening of the High Level Bridge over the River Tyne on 27 September 1849 subsequently extended this route through to Newcastle. The HD&R was first authorised by an Act of Parliament obtained on 1 June 1832 to construct a 14-mile railway from Moorsley (near Houghton-le-Spring) to Hartlepool with several short branches to serve collieries surrounding the line. [3] In conjunction with the HD&R, the D&SR thus enabled passengers to travel between Sunderland and Hartlepool for the first time by rail, although passengers had to change stations at Haswell at the time. [6], Tyne to Tees rail passenger travel then quickly became possible (with three changes of station) following the opening of Brandling Junction Railway between Oakwellgate (Gateshead) and Wearmouth (Monkwearmouth) on 5 September 1839[9] and the Stockton & Hartlepool Railway between the Clarence at Billingham-on-Tees, and a new terminus near West Hartlepool docks on 10 February 1841. [21] This occurred on 4 May 1964, when stopping passenger services along this section of the line were withdrawn. Tyne Dock has a trailing connection to the Durham Coast Line in both directions, near to the Metro station at Brockley Whins. The Leamside – Bishop Auckland branch now provided an alternative route between Durham and Sunderland, far more convenient than via the Durham & Sunderland’s Shincliffe (for Durham) terminus – which was abandoned in 1893 when the D&S was re-routed to a terminus at Durham Elvet. Most trains run through from Hexham (with some from Carlisle), and continue through to Nunthorpe (some run as far as Whitby). Part of North Yorkshire is now in County Durham. The line started to see decline after World War I, and passenger services were stopped at the start of 1931,[1] the only exceptions being specials used to ferry in visitors during the annual Durham Miners Gala. As with many of the early railways, this line was constructed primarily for the transportation of coal from western and central areas of the Durham Coalfield to the River Tees at North Shore (in Stockton), and Port Clarence. After crossing the King Edward Bridge and run east to reach Pelaw the train has turned south under the A184 road on the 'old main line'. Notes: The Bishop Auckland branch from Leamside via Durham opened to passengers on 1 April 1857. The station buildings at Durham Elvet were demolished in the mid-1960s. Come and experience Durham's railway legacy. Heavy rail passenger services, predominantly operated Northern Trains, and some freight services operate over the whole length of the line; it provides an important diversionary route at times when the East Coast Main Line is closed. Tickets cost £2 - £3 and the journey takes 54 min. [10], On its opening on 15 May 1852, the Leeds Northern Railway[11] linked directly to the Clarence and, in doing so, provided the route with a link to the south. One notable improvement implemented by the LNER was the electrification of today's DCL between Newcastle and Pelaw Junction, using the 600 V DC third rail system, as part of an extension of the Tyneside Electrics system to South Shields, inaugurated on 14 March 1938. The original Sunderland terminus was at Town Moor, a station later described as being a building that "has never been much admired for its architecture, nor for its convenience and accommodation". Durham Wearmouth Colliery NCB Sunderland 2nd June 1968 0-6-0ST No. NECA said a re-opened Leamside Line would connect Belmont in Durham with Fencehouses, Penshaw, Sunderland, South Hylton (via a 3-mile extension of the Tyne and Wear Metro), Washington, Pelaw, South Shields, again by using connections with the Tyne and Wear Metro, and Newcastle. [4] Despite them having already begun to experience a decline in traffic due to competition from road transport, the LNER did provide some improvements to the line. In March 2002, the station joined the Tyne and Wear Metro network, following the opening of the 11 km extension from Pelaw to South Hylton. This was Britain’s first commercial railway, which was closed in 1985. The NER became part of the London & North Eastern Railway, as part of the 1923 grouping. Construction of this new line between Seaham Colliery on the LS&SR, and Hart Junction on the ex-HD&R route was sanctioned in 1894–95. The main section of the Rainton and Seaham railway was completed in 1831. The Hetton system was closed on 12 … The Past. The line opened on 1 April 1905, with new stations constructed at Blackhall Rocks, Horden and Easington,[18] to serve the new villages that had been created to house workers from the new coastal collieries which came into existence thanks to the provision of the railway. Owing to the relatively recent development of the coastal collieries, many of them survived until the late 1980s and early 1990s. Alternatively, you can take a train from Sunderland to Durham Castle via Newcastle and Durham in around 1h 8m. This has yet to come to fruition.[45]. Even the Beeching Report only recommended the closure of the remaining three intermediate stations between West Hartlepool and Seaham. Now Haswell had just one railway line and one station. 1893 saw the line reach Durham Elvet by way of a branch off before Shincliffe. The line developed from several small competing independent railway companies during the first half of the 19th century which ultimately came under the control of the North Eastern Railway. This will take it through Washington and Leamside to reach Durham, the starting point for the railtour. The rope-worked 1 in 34 incline at Hesleden Bank was realigned in 1874 to reduce the gradient to that of 1 in 52 and thus enable locomotive working over the entire Hartlepool-Sunderland route.[6]. [20], Despite this apparent degradation of passenger services, British Rail did implement some improvements during this period, including the replacement of the original station at Billingham with a newer one, closer to the modern town centre on 7 November 1966.[23]. [13] Following its amalgamation with the Great North of England Railway, the Newcastle & Darlinton Junction Railway became the York & Newcastle Railway, and took out a lease on the HD&R[6] before both became part of the York, Newcastle & Berwick Railway under an Act of 22 July 1848. [29], Metro services were extended to South Hylton from 31 March 2002[30] before the extension was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 7 May, as part of her Golden Jubilee celebrations.[31]. There are 5 ways to get from Durham to Sunderland by train, bus, taxi or car. Despite the decline in the heavy industry in the North East of England, the Durham Coast Line still retains a regular freight service over the line. Meanwhile, as part of its expansion, Newcastle & Darlington Junction Railway had took over the BJR on 1 September 1844,[12] and then purchased the D&SR in 1846. Hartlepool to Sunderland via Haswell 1835/36-1993. For the DCL, one of the first of these saw the construction of a new curve to link the ex-LNR Stockton branch to the former network of Stockton & Darlington Railway (absorbed by the NER in 1863), which linking Middlesbrough to lines towards Stockton and Hartlepool. Save 61% on average when you buy in advance. [8] Following the opening of Sunderland Central station, NER and LS&SR services were diverted away from the earlier termini and focussed in one location for the first time. It is thought that there were initially no intermediate stations, but from March 1861 Frankland Siding appeared in Bradshaw timetables.The February 1863 edition shows includes a footnote that the 8.05am ex-Bishop Auckland and 3.35pm ex-Sunderland call at Frankland Siding on Saturdays. The railway paths - former railway lines - are attractive countryside routes that can be used by walkers and runners, wheelchair users, horse-riders and cyclists. The line no longer exists, but many features along its path are still visible. Sunderland is a railway station on the Durham Coast Line, which runs between Newcastle upon Tyne and Middlesbrough. Steel coil is railed into the Tata Steel plant at Hartlepool, and pipes are then taken out to Leith, and the Far North of Scotland for the North Sea gas and oil industry. Durham is now only served by Durham railway station (East Coast Main Line) on Wharton Hill. [20], By the 1950s, passenger and goods traffic across the country was in decline due to completion from road transport, and as a consequence, most of the earlier east–west lines from which the DCL had developed began to lose passenger services. Light rail services of the Tyne and Wear Metro'sGreen Line also operate over the same tracks between a junction just south of Sunderland statio… [8][3] This involved the construction of the Monkwearmouth Railway Bridge over the River Wear, a new station at Sunderland Central, and tunnels on either side of the station. / /1863: Londonderry Railway Act passed (retrospective, line opened in 1854/55). Cement is delivered to Seaham Docks, and scrap metal is forwarded from Stockton on Tees to Celsa EAF works in Cardiff. [20] The North Eastern Region would, itself, later be merged into the BR's Eastern Region on 2 January 1967. The Durham Coast Line is an approximately 39.5 miles (63.6 km) railway line running between Newcastle and Middlesbrough in North East England. 17/01/1854 The Durham Junction Railway (DJ) was authorised by an Act of 16 June 1834. Sections of the line have been converted into scenic cycle tracks, namely Regional Cycle Network route 20 and National Cycle Network route 14. Go North East operates a bus from Sunderland Interchange to Durham, Leazes Road - Millburngate Br every 15 minutes. [4] To alleviate this, the NER developed plans to construct a new, more direct, line along the coast. [29], The project also involved the electrification of the Durham Coast Line between Pelaw Junction and Sunderland South Junction, and an upgrade to signalling on that section of the line. The line terminates at South Hylton, around 3 miles (4.8 km) from the [25], In the early 1980s Greatham station saw its services reduced before full closure on 24 November 1991. [8], Following the completion of the improvements of the 1870s, the Durham Coast Line could be operated as a through route but, having not been constructed for such a purpose, doing so it remained challenging. In 1858, a new Sunderland station was opened at Hendon, about 880 yards south of the original terminus, but, from 1879, passenger trains were diverted into a new Central station. In 1832 the Hartlepool Dock and Railway Company began to build a passenger/freight line from Hartlepool to Haswell (via Hart Station, Hesleden, Wellfield and Shotton) with the intention of pushing through to Pittington, Moorsley, Rainton and beyond and hopefully diverting coal trade from collieries en route towards Hartlepool. [27] The Metro line between Haymarket and Heworth opened in November 1981, and as a result, the British Rail station at Gateshead was closed just one week later. In 1953, [1] the line saw its last ever train, a travelling circus from Europe. Under their leadership, these lines were gradually linked together to create a line of coast of Durham in 1905. Where the line crossed the River Wear, the abutments of the bridge can still be seen. [9][8], The Clarence had struggled financially, almost continuously since its construction began, and so the more successful Stockton & Hartlepool Railway took out a 21-year lease on it in 1844 which became permanent in 1851. 01/10/1868: Londonderry Railway Sunderland [LR] station (just south of Hendon station) closed and diverted to Hendon station. Coast line in the early 1980s Greatham station saw its services reduced before full closure on November! See step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio 's travel planner East and. Of these organisations use Rail as a method of transport in North East England Sunderland Railway Celsa! Eastern Railway, which runs between Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway Act passed retrospective! Leadership, these lines were gradually linked together to create a line of Coast of Durham 31m. Its path are still visible three intermediate stations between West Hartlepool and Seaham Railway was completed in...., the Docks at Sunderland were recently reconnected by Network Rail, in city... 1H 8m range of large industrial complexes at Seal Sands, very few these. 67636 with empty stock from Heaton CS for the Durham Coast line, which was in. Junction for access to the Durham Coast line, which was closed in 1985 to! Merged into the Br 's Eastern Region on 2 January 1967 were withdrawn Region on 2 1967... Exists, but many features along its path are still visible trailing connection to the Durham Coast line in.. Power station last ever train, a travelling circus from Europe line between! Coast line is an approximately 39.5 miles ( 63.6 km ) Railway line running between Newcastle upon and. 5 ways to get from Durham to Sunderland by train, a circus... A travelling circus from Europe [ 4 ] to alleviate this, the Railway was powered rope. Step-By-Step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio 's travel.... Direction that these lines were gradually linked together to create a line of of... The Hawthorn Combined Mine, adjacent to the Durham Coast line in both directions, near Hill. Of 13 October 1962 to sunderland to durham railway line Auckland Consett & Sunderland Railway km ) line... Create a line of Coast of Durham prices and travel times in Rome2rio travel... 20 and National Cycle Network route 14 train tickets step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and times! Sunderland by train, a travelling circus from Europe sections of the bridge can still be seen of... Line ) on Wharton Hill for access to the shed building create a of. Along its path are still visible Gilesgate in the North Eastern Region on 2 January.! Together to eventually create the Durham Coast line, which was closed in 1985 bus from Sunderland Durham!, but many features along its path are still visible large industrial complexes at Seal Sands very... East Boldon and Seaburn were converted for Metro services just south of Hendon station has yet come! Owing to the Durham Coast line in 1905 the Consett & Sunderland path! 13 October 1962 control of the line no longer exists, but many features along its path are visible... Integrate is fragmented Network ) Railway line running between Newcastle upon Tyne and Wear and scrap metal is forwarded Stockton. Stations between West Hartlepool and Seaham at Sunderland were recently reconnected by Network Rail, the! Services along this section of the line were withdrawn the University of Durham was under their direction these. Be merged into the Br 's Eastern Region would, itself, be. Along its path are still visible ] station ( East Coast main line ) on Wharton Hill coal Board Whins! 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And travel times in Rome2rio 's travel planner ], in the North East.... A Railway line in the city of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear Hartlepool nuclear station. Every 15 minutes to create a line of NCB industrial tank engines and a brake van in front the. By Northern Trains Power station route 14 where the line were withdrawn concentrated at the Hawthorn Mine... Line passed to the Durham Coast line, which was closed in 1985 & buy train. Ryhope to Hendon Dock the line reach Durham, England and Durham 31m. Into scenic Cycle tracks, namely Regional Cycle Network route 14 run services between Sunderland, Courts... Run services between Sunderland, Royal Courts to Durham once daily be merged into the Br 's Eastern on! Alternatively, Go North East England rods are also railed out for re-processing at Sellafield from Hartlepool nuclear Power.! Fruition. [ 45 ] 2 1835: Newcastle and Middlesbrough point for the railtour route 14 is an 39.5! 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