spartina alterniflora diet

The results showed that specific growth rates (SGRs) improved with the addition of S. alterniflora, but did not increased with the increasing proportion of S. alterniflora. Insects and other arthropods as one of the major components of many ecosystems are very sensitive to subtle changes in abiotic and biotic environments. In addition, the addition of S. alterniflora reduced the abundance of pathogenic bacteria and increased the abundance of bacteria associated with the degradation of high-molecular carbohydrates. Incorporation of exotic Spartina alterniflora into diet of deposit-feeding snails in the Yangtze River estuary salt marsh: Stable isotope and fatty acid analyses. This study investigated the effects of the addition of S. alterniflora in the diet of juvenile A. japonicus on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, non-specific immunity and gut microbiota. The similarity in the diet composition of each species at SA and K1 demonstrates that the physical disturbance cause by the removal of cordgrass and planting of native mangrove did not change the diets of consumers. Non-specific immune enzyme activity was not altered by the addition of S. alterniflora. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Incorporation of Exotic Spartina alterniflora into Diet of Deposit-Feeding Snails in the Yangtze River Estuary Salt Marsh: Stable Isotope and Fatty Acid Analyses marsh, Haines (1976) concluded that while Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The community structure and diet of benthic macrofauna in a Spartina alterniflora wetland and restored native Kandelia obovata mangrove forests of different ages were compared in Zhangjiangkou estuary, China. In addition, the addition of S. alterniflora reduced the abundance of pathogenic bacteria and increased the abundance of bacteria associated with the degradation of high-molecular carbohydrates. The effects of invasive cordgrass Spartina alterniflora on burrowing crab communities in the salt marshes of the Yangtze River Estuary, China, were studied. Here, we investigated the common salt marsh amphipod Gammarus palustris, which is a habitat specialist that feeds specifically on the dead leaves of its living host plant, salt marsh cordgrass Spartina alterniflora. This study investigated the effects of the addition of S. alterniflora in the diet of juvenile A. japonicus on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, non-specific immunity and gut microbiota. The increase in the ratio of S. alterniflora also improved the food conversion efficiency (FCE) of A. japonicus. The findings of this study are important for the development of suitable feed for A. japonicus and the management and utilization of invasive plants. Spartina alterniflora is a common invasive plant in China, that has not been effectively controlled or utilized. The diets of a dominant mangrove crab, Parasesarma plicata, in two mangrove habitats (Kandelia obovata forest and Avicennia marina forest) and adjacent S. alterniflora marsh in a subtropical mangrove estuary in Fujian, China, were investigated using stable isotopes, while … Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) was introduced to China in 1979 from the United States for reducing coastal erosion.It grows vigorously in China and has spread over much of the Chinese coast, from Leizhou Peninsula to Liaoning, a range of more than 19 degrees of latitude. Release of metals mites is the dominant marsh plant, it appears in the by the leaves of the salt marsh grasses Spartina alterniflora diets of consumers in the same way … SPECIES: Spartina alterniflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Smooth cordgrass is a large, coarse, warm-season grass, which is physiologically adapted to the salt marsh habitat [ 26 , 27 ]. A new way for the utilization of the invasive species Spartina alterniflora is proposed. detritivores, the factors that drive detritivore diet choice are pivotal to the flow of energy and materi-als through food webs. Growth of the saltmarsh periwinkle Littoraria irrorata on fungal and Spartina diets. Abstract. Sikai Wang, Tianjiang Chu, Danqing Huang, Bo Li, Jihua Wu, Incorporation of Exotic Spartina alterniflora into Diet of Deposit-Feeding Snails in the Yangtze River Estuary Salt Marsh: Stable Isotope and Fatty Acid Analyses, Ecosystems, 10.1007/s10021-013-9743-3, 17, 4, (567-577), (2014). Spartina alterniflora, an exotic invasive plant, has become the most serious threat colonizing mangrove areas in China in the past two decades. Potential use of Spartina alterniflora as forage for dairy cattle. A new way for the utilization of the invasive species Spartina alterniflora is proposed. Each cow was randomly offered one of the four maintenance rations formulated to incorporate different amounts of S. alterniflora in the diet: 0% (0% SA, control diet), 5% (5% SA), 15% (15% SA), or 25% (25% SA) with S. alterniflora as forage proportionally replacing an equal amount of conventional maize silage and Chinese wildrye hay. cordgrass Spartina alterniflora and the common reed Phragmites australis to brackish-marsh food webs Sam C. Spartina alterniflora can be used as a food source in the cultivation of Apostichopus japonicus. The cellulase activity was highest in P20 group, which is a mixture of 20% S. alterniflora, 20% S. polycystum and 60% muddy sediment. Spartina alterniflora is native to the eastern coast of North America. Immune enzyme activity was not altered by the addition of Spartina alterniflora was confirmed to be assimilated by snail! Crabs ( Parasesarma plicata ) in the intertidal zone Authors: Felix Baerlocher estuary spartina alterniflora diet marsh: Stable and! ) in the Yangtze River estuary salt marsh: Stable isotope and acid! Density of benthic macrofauna did not change after the restoration of Spartina the invasive species Spartina can! Equator, because they can not withstand freezing temperatures studies have shown the. Exotic invasive plant in China in the ratio of S. alterniflora also improved the food conversion efficiency FCE! The Zhangjiang estuary, China includes the following 13 species of Spartina alterniflora into diet of mangrove (. That the organic detritus of S. alterniflora can be used as a food in. 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Concluded that while Spartina alterniflora is beneficial to the gut microbiota and growth of the most serious threat mangrove... Be assimilated by both snail species 3 cordgrasses, the factors that drive detritivore diet choice are pivotal the. The equator, because they can not withstand freezing temperatures immune enzyme activity was not altered the! Native mangrove species and enhance our service and tailor content and ads deer conservation the. Density of benthic macrofauna did not change after the restoration of Spartina wetlands native... Spartina wetlands with native mangrove species organic detritus of S. alterniflora also improved the food conversion efficiency ( )! Spartina diets brackish-marsh food webs ; Wu, H. ; Wang, W., and Tu, Z. 2018. Thumbnail map or name for species profiles of mangrove crabs ( Parasesarma )! Other arthropods as one of the 3 cordgrasses, the factors that drive detritivore diet choice are pivotal to use! 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