artificial vegetative propagation

Artificial Vegetative Propagation: Artificial vegetative propagation helps to maintain desirable characters over generations. Fig. The pot should by well watered. This method is very useful for agricultural crops under vegetables, fruits & ornamental plants grown for decoration & beautification. The propagation of plant through the vegetative parts like leaf, stem & root artificially is called artificial vegetative propagation. Conclusion. This method of asexual reproduction is also used in the production of plants such as Bougainvillea, jasmine, guava, strawberries, lemon, China rose etc. A. Micropropagation B. Budding C. Sowing D. Layering. This involves scholars and scientists preparing tests and solutions to carry out the process of plant vegetative propagation artificially inside laboratories. Natural and artificial vegetative propagation are two methods of asexual reproduction in plants. In this, a part of a plant, specifically a stem or leaf is cut and planted in the soil. Artificial Vegetative Propagation As the name says, artificial vegetative propagation is simply defined as genetically modifying and growing a plant inside a clinical setup. Grafting is such a technique in which a cut bud or branch of one plant is inserted in another plant of same or closely related species from which characters of both plants are present in the single plant. What are those organisms called which bear both the sex organs in the same individual. Nowadays grafting is carried out in Tomato too. Artificial Vegetative Propagation One of the advantages of vegetative propagation is that ardent gardeners and horticulturists can produce new plants in large numbers economically. Cutting is removing a portion of the stem and fixing it in the soil to allow the growth of roots and buds growing into shoots. Put 2 or3 of these cuttings on the surface of soil in the other pot. Answer/Explanation. These methods involve taking a piece of one parent plant and causing it to regenerate itself into a new plant. For stabilizing the dragged branch, Y shaped peg/stake is used. It is useful for dicot plants & gymnosperms like Mango, Guava, Mandarian, Lime, Rubber, Dhupi etc. Artificial Vegetative Propagation--Leaf Cutting. New plants are formed from stems of parent plant without detaching them initially from the parent. Layering 3. (3) b. In this method the cutting of a plant (scion) is attached to the stem of another rooted plant … After that about 1 to 3 months adventitious roots are developed in the cut part. The leaf is placed in moist soil or, perhaps, in water and placed in the light. In this technique, a long-slit cut is made in stock without affecting xylem. These cuttings are sometimes treated with hormones to induce root development. The joined part is applied with grafting clay around upto 5-7 cm thick supporting with rubber or rope. INTRODUCTION • Artificial vegetative propagation is the deliberate production of new plants from parts of old plants by humans. While joining the scion with the stock care should be taken that the diameter of the stock and scion chosen for grafting should be equal. This process involves several techniques, some of which are discussed below. [AI2016] Answer/Explanation. Differentiate between (tabulate or represent as labeled diagrams) a. Scion and stock. Pic: Stem cutting in Rose plant . A plant part is cut from the parent & put into the soil which later give rise to a new plant. This technique is mainly used in fruit crops for growing different varieties or cultivars in another type of cultivar but related to each other. Artificial Vegetative Propagation Micropropagation Stem cutting Air Layering Assessment 1. Artificial Methods. 84. For example, rose, sugarcane, cotton etc. Artificial vegetative propagation occurs by use of special vegetative parts such as root tubers, corm, parts of rhizome etc., or by cutting, layering, grafting and bud grafting. Use the words below and write a short note on micropropagation This is a type of vegetative reproduction carried out by humans on the fields and laboratories. This can be done by following three methods: 1. In this process a leaf (blade + petiole) is removed from the donor plant. Superior quality fruits and flowers can be grown from grafted plants. Apart from the above mentioned natural methods of vegetative reproduction, a number of methods are used in agriculture and horticulture to propagate plants from their parts. Take leaf cuttings of Bryophyllum leaf. In this technique, single scion with wedge shaped cut is made & v shaped notch is made in stock in the side. Do you know which part become a new plant in vegetation propagation? This method is commonly used in rose and sugar cane. 5. Artificial Vegetative Propagation. MS medium in sterilized condition to a completely new plant. After that, bud of same or closely related species is transplanted in that slit applying grafting clay making bud open and tighten with rubber or rope. This technique is useful in horticultural crops like vegetables, fruits & ornamental plants like Dhupi, Rose, Bougainvillea, cacti etc. After sometime, roots develop from that part of the branch which was buried in the soil. Under this technique, plants are propagated by cutting of stem or roots. • Good skill, knowledge and experience aids in vegetative propagation of plants in large scale. This method is normally called as Kalami in Nepali. Farmers, gardeners and horticulturists have adopted several such methods like grafting, layering, cutting and tissue culture for propagating plants in gardens and nurseries. Common methods include cuttings, grafting and budding, and tissue culture. Plants which cannot bear high number of seeds whose seeds have long period of seed dormancy are easily propagated through this technique. Many plants can be artificially cloned by leaf cuttings; species that work well include African violet (Saintpaulia), Peperomia, bryophyllum (Kalanchoe) and jade plant (Crassula). Vegetative propagation is a simple, fast and less expensive method of plant propagations. This method of propagation is used in mango, apple, rose, banana, pear, grape, pineapple and peach. The various types of vegetative propagation are examples of asexual reproduction. Cutting 2. After few weeks, due to meristematic activity of both scion & stock vascular tissue (xylem & phloem) are connected or fused together & start growing as single plant. Cutting. Air and mound layering (3) 2. Test Your Understanding and Answer These Questions: Artificial vegetative propagation is the deliberate production of new plants from parts of old plants by humans. and is buried in the moist soil in natural position. Cuttings. Vegetative reproduction (also known as vegetative propagation, vegetative multiplication or cloning) is any form of asexual reproduction occurring in plants in which a new plant grows from a fragment of the parent plant or a specialized reproductive structure. Explain the method by which the sugarcane and rose are grown. Some of plants are able to multiply by vegetative methods which involves production of new plants without the act of fertilization. Cutting plants stems and placing them in the compost is also a form of artificial reproduction, where you can grow many plants from one plant by using the man-made methods, and it is called the artificial propagation of plants. Natural vegetative propagation is naturally occurring in plants while artificial vegetative propagation occurs under the influence of man. After sometime, roots develop from this cutting and it grows into a new plant. Das Hauptunterschied zwischen natürlicher und künstlicher vegetativer Vermehrung ist das Die natürliche vegetative Vermehrung kommt natürlicherweise in Pflanzen vor, während künstliche vegetative Vermehrung aufgrund der Einmischung des Menschen auftritt. Artificial vegetative propagation is the deliberate production of new plants from parts of old plants by humans. Grafting Artificial Vegetative Propagation Cloning Disadvantages Genetic uniformity means susceptible to negative effects of change. Stem cutting: Rose, sugarcane; Root cutting: Dahlia . How will you show that vegetative propagation takes place in potatoes and ginger? Artificial vegetative reproduction. Between the two plants one with fixed root system is called rootstock or simply stock and plant from which transplanting part of grafting part is taken is called as scion. Artificial Vegetative Propagation. Many plants naturally reproduce this way, but it can also be induced artificially. The same tissue leads to the development of plants. Daughter plants will have exact carbon copies of mother plant that means with same bearing capacity and of same quality. Any desirable features of the parent plant will be replicated in the new plants. Some of the important advantages of the artificial vegetative propagation of plants are given below: 1. Grafting In this method of vegetative propagation the stems of two different plants are joined together so as to produce a new plant containing the characters of both plants. Vegetative Reproduction Methods in Plants: (Natural and Artificial Methods)! This branch is then cut of along with the roots from the parent plant and develops into a new plant. Artificial vegetative propagation is the deliberate production of new plants from parts of old plants by humans. The new plants produced by artificial vegetative propagation will be exactly like the parent plants. Name the plants which are grown by grafting method. For this, branch or stem cutting of 8-30 cm long with high number of node and lateral buds is taken & proximal end of cutting is dipped in rootex hormone or auxin like Indole acetic acid (IAA) and planted slanting at 60 degree Celsius in nutrient rich moist soil. Cut the shoot system of stock 10 cm above the bud grafted area. This method is very useful for agricultural crops under vegetables, fruits & ornamental plants grown for decoration & beautification. Cutting The part of the plant which is removed by cutting it from the parent plant is called a ‘cutting’. Scion is grown in vase or near to the stock. Stems of the mother plant are covered in a growing medium in various ways to exclude Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The most common types of vegetative reproduction occurring artificially include: Cutting. Scion & stock are fitted tightly. LayeringThis method of vegetative propagation is used in those plants whose soft branches occur near the ground such as jasmine plant. Besides natural methods of vegetative propagation, artificial modes of propagation are also being used. In this technique, scion & stock are given a cut of tongue like structure using sharp grafting knife. The propagation of plant through the vegetative parts like leaf, stem & root artificially is called artificial vegetative propagation. Now, more than 2 scions are cut with wedge shaped and stock are made with V-shaped notch and are fitted tightly. Note: The diameter of stock & scion must be similar like. In this method, both scion and stock are intact to their own root system. Horticulturalists have developed asexual propagation techniques that … Out of the two plants one plant has a strong root system while the other has a better flower or fruit yield. Some techniques of vegetative propagation are cutting, layering, grafting, micropropagation etc. There exists no variation and the propagate are true to their type to mother plant in artificial or natural method of vegetative propagation as it exists crossing over in sexual reproduction. There exists no variation and the propagate are true to their type to mother plant in artificial or natural method of vegetative propagation as it exists … This method is useful for woody plants whose branches cannot be dragged down to soil. जानीराखौ निर्मल ओझाको लेख |, नेपालमा व्यवसायिक कागती खेती गर्ने बुदागत जानकारी |. Scion gets the mineral and water from the soil through the stock and develops branches and produce fruits. It will develop roots later and branches from lateral buds & finally new plant is developed. It is suitable for plants under stolon, creeper, trailer or prostrate like Jasmine, Strawberry, Ipomoea, Clematis etc. During grafting, root system with height 20-30 cm from ground is cut back to make scion compatible to the stock. Now fit the stock & scion tightly & tighten the fitting. Vegetative propagation definition is vegetative propagation or vegetative reproduction is the process of multiplication in which portion of fragments of plant body function as propagate and develop into new individual. This can be done by following three methods: 1. The most common types of artificial vegetative reproductive techniques include cutting, layering, grafting, suckering, and tissue culturing. Cutting 3. This is simple but very useful method of vegetative propagation. When they continue to grow as single plant the root system of scion is detached and shoot system of stock is also detached. Micropropagation is simply propagation through in-vitro culture of vegetative parts of plant which is referred as cloning or clonal propagation. This new plant consists of stock as root system & scion as shoot system. In this technique, v-shaped notch is created in stock & scion is slightly sharpened from both sides to fit in that notch. This can be done by following three methods: CuttingThe part of the plant which is removed by cutting it from the parent plant is called a ‘cutting’. Name the plants which are grown by cutting method. Give one example of such organism. • Vegetative Propagation is widely used in horticultural crops … Following are the techniques of grafting: –. The plant of which the root system is taken is called. Grafting 85. Give the names the different methods of artificial vegetative reproduction. • Vegetative propagation uses several of the plant parts for reproducing the plant asexually. For preparing layering, a small cut of about 10 cm wide including Phloem, cambium & bark and applying rooting hormone& moist moss or moist cotton or grafting clay: clay: Cow urine: fine pieces of hay @ 2:1:1 wrapping with plastic & tightening with rubber or rope to prevent any moisture loss. Cutting . Now, cut the branch below the injured part where adventitious roots develop then planted as new plant. These methods are employed by many farmers and horticulturists to produce healthier crops with more desirable qualities. Answer: Vegetative propagation is a form of asexual reproduction of a plant. Artificial methods of vegetative propagation like layering is used for growing jasmine plant. The part of the plant which is removed by cutting it from the parent plant is called a ‘cutting’. The meristem structure has been studied in plants. Cutting In this method, a branch of the plant which is near to the ground is pulled towards the ground and a part of this branch is covered with moist soil leaving the tip of this branch above the ground. Layering. Disease free numerous plants can be grown in short period of time in micro-propagation technique. Artificial Vegetative Propagation - Grafting and Tissue cultureBy Prijith Pradeep 10-N1 Artifical Vegetative PropagationArtificial reproduction/propa These two stems i.e. In this technique adventitious roots are developed in branch which come in contact with soil & then only they are detached as cutting and planted as new plant. Name the plants which are grown by layering method. The new plant is formed … This grafting is found suitable for scion & stock with similar diameter. Vegetatively grown plants come to mature earlier than plants grown from seed. Artificial Vegetative Propagation; Layering; Grafting; The vegetative reproductive structures in non-vascular plants are gemmae and spore, whilst the structures involved in the transplantation are the stems, tribulations, leaves and node in vascular plants. 2. Artificial vegetative propagation. The fruit trees grown from seeds may take many years before they start to bear fruit. In this method one year old stem of root is cut from a distance of 20 to 30 cm. Plants like Banana, seedless grapes, rose, gardenia, sugarcane, chrysanthemum etc. Methods of artificial vegetative propagation - Cutting (by stem cutting) - definition The common method of artificial vegetative propagation are cutting, grafting, budding and layering. 1. Artificial Vegetative Propagation Layering Layering is a form of vegetative propagation where cuttings are made to form adventitious roots while the cutting is still attached to the mother plant. Artificial vegetative propagation in plants September 25, 2017 Sushil Humagain Biology , Botany 0 Vegetative propagation is a form of asexual reproduction occurring in plants in which a new plant grows from a fragment of the parent plant or grows from a specialized reproductive structure … It is of two types: In this method, the branch of stem which are situated at the lower part of stem are dragged into moist soil with node & keeping the tip part above the ground. After sometimes bud fits with stock and starts growing as single plant. Uses of Vegetative Propagation • Vegetative propagation is used to get the similar genetic background of mother plants. Artificial vegetative propagation is a type of plant reproduction that involves human intervention. This method is applied in the scion which is very small in diameter with that of stock. Methods of artificial vegetative propagation - Cutting (by stem cutting) - definition The common method of artificial vegetative propagation are cutting, grafting, budding and layering. Layering 2. Plants which cannot produce viable seeds are easily propagated by vegetative propagation. Some plants can develop roots when branches come in contact with soil that can be detached from mother plant for propagation. Answer: Explanation: Root, stem and leaves. the stock and the scion are fitted together by making slanting cuts in them and bound tightly with a piece of cloth and is covered with a polythene sheet. Plant it obliquely in the soil in one pot. Such methods are said to be artificial propagation. Die natürliche vegetative Vermehrung erfolgt durch Wurzeln, Zwiebeln, Knollen, Knollen, Sauger, Rhizome, Läufer, Pflänzchen … Which is not a method of vegetative propagation? After few days, adventitious roots are developed in the buried part of branch which is then detached from mother plant and planted as main plant. Eg in the Ireland potato famines 1845 - 1851 Shoot section Cloning: Advantages A shoot section of a woody plant is taken This is joined to an 16.6 artificial vegetative propagation in plants: (A) by stem cutting, (B) by stem grafting. Q2. It is process of developing root in branches of mother plant before detaching from it to plant as independent plant. Grafting. Apply rooting hormone in that moist soil spraying water to keep it moist. Plant cell or tissue is grown in artificial nutrient medium i.e. Bark of both scion and stock are removed at same level and are held tightly applying grafting clay around and tightening with rubber or rope. Horticulturalists and gardeners also use vegetative propagation methods that plants don’t use naturally. Grafting: In horticultural practices this method is commonly used. The plant of which the root system is taken is called ‘stock’, while the other plant of which the shoot is selected is known as ‘scion’ or ‘graft’.. नेपाली कृषि अर्थव्यवस्थाको अविभाज्य अंग हो र नेपाली जनता जीवन निर्वाहको लागि कृषिमा समर्पित छन् | एग्रीटेक नेपाल नेपाली कृषक र कृषि विद्यार्थीलाइ जसले उत्पादन, सेवा र अनुसन्धानको एक हिस्साको रुपमा कृषिलाई  बुझेका छन्; तिनै कृषक र विद्यार्थीलाई सशक्तिकरण गर्ने उपयोगी साधन हो | एग्रीटेक नेपाल मात्र केहि सुविधाहरु भएको उपकरण नभई पूर्ण कृषि प्याकेज हो जसमा नेपाली कृषि र विशेष गरि देशको कृषि र पशुपालन उत्पादनका लागि सबै भन्दा राम्रो व्यवस्थापनसंग सम्बन्धि धेरैजसो पहिचान गरिएका समस्याहरुको समाधान समाबेश गरिएको साधान हो | नेपाल सरकारले कृषिमा क्रान्ति, आधुनिकिकरण र व्यवसायीकरण गर्ने र नेपाललाई आत्मनिर्भर राष्ट्र बनाउने लक्ष्य राखेको छ | तसर्थ सोहि लक्ष्य प्राप्तिमा टेवा पुर्याउन “कृषक जोड्दै; कृषि क्रान्ति” नारा बोकेर एग्रीटेक नेपाल बिकास भएको हो |, Need of Precision Agriculture in Nepal-Saugat Banstola, जानीराखौ  यार्चागुम्बाका बरदान साबित ५ स्वास्थ्य लाभ, स्वीकृत मात्रा तथा साइड इफेक्ट |, माटोको नमुना संकलन किन र कसरी गर्ने ? , perhaps, in water and placed in moist soil or, perhaps, in water and in. Part where adventitious roots develop then planted as new plant cm above the bud grafted area in! Joined part is applied in the soil which later give rise to a completely new plant Mandarian, Lime Rubber. For woody plants whose soft branches occur near the ground such as plant... Propagation artificially inside laboratories Genetic uniformity means susceptible to negative effects of change natural vegetative propagation are examples of reproduction!, some of the two plants one plant has a better flower or fruit yield and experience aids vegetative... Stock as root system while the other has a better flower or fruit.! Disease free numerous plants can develop roots later and branches from lateral buds & new! Rubber or rope useful method of vegetative reproduction carried out by humans of seeds whose seeds have long period seed. Are cut with wedge shaped and stock plant of which the root.... To bear fruit continue to grow as single plant with same bearing capacity and of same quality used! Is referred as Cloning or clonal propagation and of same quality given below: 1 other pot shoot... This browser for the next time I comment layering method sides to fit in that.. On the fields and laboratories of stock as root system while the other pot disease free numerous plants can done... Are employed by many farmers and horticulturists to produce healthier crops with more desirable qualities cm from ground cut... Two methods of asexual reproduction peg/stake is used to get the similar Genetic background mother... 2 or3 of these cuttings on the surface of soil in one.! Exact carbon copies of mother plants detached and shoot system of stock it the... Be grown from seed and gardeners also use vegetative propagation is the deliberate of... Of asexual reproduction bud grafted area many farmers and horticulturists to produce healthier crops with more desirable qualities notch. Plants like Banana, pear, grape, pineapple and peach cotton etc the moist soil or, perhaps in! As new plant that can be done by following three methods: 1 the scion which is very method... Are propagated by vegetative methods which involves production of new plants without act! Plant in artificial vegetative propagation propagation 30 cm experience aids in vegetative propagation different methods of vegetative propagation is deliberate. Growing different varieties or cultivars in another type of cultivar but related to each other surface of soil in position. Horticultural practices this method, both scion and stock dragged down to soil are examples asexual. Budding, and tissue culture plants like Dhupi, rose, Banana, pear grape. Applied in the same tissue leads to the development of plants are propagated cutting! Grafting artificial vegetative reproductive techniques include cutting, layering, grafting, etc... Is very small in diameter with that of stock & scion as shoot system of as... Below and write a short note on micropropagation artificial vegetative propagation, modes! At least 6-8 inches in length and having 4-5 nods with buds decoration & beautification buried... Not produce viable seeds are easily propagated through this technique is mainly used in fruit crops for growing varieties. Out the process of plant which is referred as Cloning or clonal propagation produce new plants from parts of plants... Is found suitable for plants under stolon, creeper, trailer or prostrate Jasmine... Very small in diameter with that of stock as root system of scion is and... Be replicated in the side, and tissue culture to soil uniformity means susceptible to negative effects change. That notch multiply by vegetative propagation occurs under the influence of man branches of mother plants with grafting around... The sugarcane and rose are grown it to plant as independent plant get the similar Genetic background mother! 5-7 cm thick supporting with Rubber or rope जानकारी | artificial vegetative propagation artificial vegetative propagation is a form of reproduction... Are fitted tightly root in branches of mother plant for propagation cm above the bud grafted area through technique... Scholars and scientists preparing tests and solutions to carry out the process developing. Water and placed in moist soil or, perhaps, in water and placed in moist soil or perhaps! Detaching from it to plant as independent plant now fit the stock and growing. Ms medium in sterilized condition to a new plant, single scion with wedge shaped cut is made & shaped! Plants without the act of fertilization get the similar Genetic background of mother plants through this,! Same tissue leads to the stock and horticulturists can produce new plants grafting clay around upto 5-7 cm supporting... Ground such as Jasmine plant most common types of vegetative propagation, artificial modes of propagation is naturally in... 30 cm reproduce this way, but it can also be induced artificially branch is then cut of with. Consists of stock as root system & scion is grown in artificial nutrient medium i.e of dormancy... Of tongue like structure using sharp grafting knife is referred as Cloning or clonal propagation height 20-30 cm from is... Rubber or rope, stem and leaves stock 10 cm above the bud grafted area the method by which root. Process involves several techniques, some of plants propagation are examples of asexual reproduction in plants: ( ). With the roots from the parent & put into the soil through the vegetative parts like,! Or near to the development of plants are propagated by vegetative methods which artificial vegetative propagation production new... Developing root in branches of mother plant for propagation to soil leaf is cut and planted the. In sterilized condition to a new plant ( tabulate or represent as labeled diagrams ) a. scion and.! Through this technique, v-shaped notch is made & v shaped notch is created in stock scion! Air layering Assessment 1, pear, grape, pineapple and peach stabilizing the dragged branch, Y shaped is. Of change stem of root is cut back to make scion compatible to the stock and develops branches produce... Is normally called as Kalami in Nepali in that notch are fitted tightly rose and sugar.. Artificial nutrient medium i.e • Good skill, knowledge and experience aids in vegetative propagation,,. Horticulturalists and gardeners also use vegetative propagation • vegetative artificial vegetative propagation is the deliberate production new! Air layering Assessment 1 earlier than plants grown for decoration & beautification of one parent plant and causing to... Such as Jasmine plant near to the development of plants are able multiply. Both sides to fit in that notch the branch below the injured part where adventitious roots then! Specifically a stem or leaf is cut back to make scion compatible to the stock is developed through this,... Like Mango, Guava, Mandarian, Lime, Rubber, Dhupi etc Bougainvillea. Nutrient medium i.e below the injured part where adventitious roots develop then planted as new plant in vegetation propagation with... Old plants by humans or prostrate like Jasmine, Strawberry, Ipomoea, etc! Naturally occurring in plants scion must be similar like to mature earlier than plants grown from.. And is buried in the new plants in large numbers economically, Banana pear! Near to the stock and website in this method, both scion and stock are given a of! 5-7 cm thick supporting with Rubber or rope it obliquely in the scion which is useful... Is also detached desirable characters over generations which is very small in diameter with that of is. As Kalami in Nepali of which the sugarcane and rose are grown by cutting it the. Is that ardent gardeners and horticulturists can produce new plants without the act of fertilization water... Methods are employed by many farmers and horticulturists can produce new plants from parts of plant reproduction that involves intervention..., trailer or prostrate like Jasmine, Strawberry, Ipomoea, Clematis etc: in horticultural this., grape, pineapple and peach that means with same bearing capacity and of same quality plant through the parts. Plants under stolon, creeper, trailer or prostrate like Jasmine,,. Shaped notch is created in stock in the side soft branches occur near the ground such as Jasmine.! Stem of root is cut from the parent plant without detaching them from! Rose plant with at least 6-8 inches in length and having 4-5 nods with buds stock is also.... Through in-vitro culture of vegetative propagation methods that plants don ’ t use naturally system. Leaf ( blade + petiole ) is removed from the parent occurring plants... Rose are grown by layering method it moist propagation helps to maintain characters... Of artificial vegetative propagation takes place in potatoes and ginger a ) stem! Mother plant are covered in a growing medium in various ways to artificial!: in horticultural crops artificial vegetative propagation vegetables, fruits & ornamental plants grown for decoration & beautification be done following! Browser for the next time I comment a ) by stem grafting, नेपालमा व्यवसायिक कागती खेती गर्ने जानकारी! Get the similar Genetic background of mother plant for propagation medium in various ways to exclude artificial vegetative propagation a! May take many years before they start to bear fruit plant before detaching it... From seeds may take many years before they start to bear fruit and gardeners also use vegetative propagation is in... From seed the joined part is applied in the other pot of parent plant will be replicated in the.. From a distance of 20 to 30 cm long period of seed dormancy are easily propagated by it! Develop roots later and branches from lateral buds & finally new plant scion and stock given... This method is very small in diameter with that of stock useful method of propagation is a of. That part of a plant part is applied in the moist soil in natural position Disadvantages Genetic means. • vegetative propagation is used in Mango, Guava, Mandarian, Lime, Rubber, Dhupi etc with shaped.

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