types of phobia in psychology

The severity of this phobia can vary greatly. 2014;56(4):389-404. doi: 10.1080/00029157.2013.801009. These include: It is estimated that 9.1% of people in the United States have a specific type of phobia. Help is a phone call away. While it is also thought to be related to. The National Institute of Mental Health suggests that 8% of U.S. adults have some type of phobia. “7 Uncommon Arachnophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. Terms in this set (67) Phobias. . Genuphobia, the Fear of Knees. Speak to an Intake Coordinator now.352.771.2700What to expect when I call?Seeking addiction treatment can feel overwhelming. Other definitions include a fear of leaving home alone, fear of crowds or fear of having a panic attack in public. Some individuals may turn to alcohol or drugs to cope with their phobias. “Association Between Fear and Beauty Evaluation of Snakes: Cross-Cultural Findings.” Frontiers in Psychology, March 16, 2018. Healthtopia. The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes. They may also be afraid of dirt or getting dirty, where germs might be present. For example, those who experience agoraphobia may also have a number of other phobias that are connected. © The Recovery Village Drug and Alcohol Rehab All Rights Reserved. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Accessed June 5, 2019. They will be startled at the site of a snake, oftentimes jumping, screaming or crying. Accessed June 5, 2019. Phobias are typically grouped into three major categories: specific phobias, social phobias and agoraphobia. They will often become very dizzy or even faint in response to the needlestick. While not comprehensive, this phobia list offers a glimpse of the many phobias that can have a serious impact on a person's life. Health Research Funding. Accessed June 5, 2019. Association Between Fear and Beauty Evaluation of Snakes: Cross-Cultural Findings. type of anxiety disorder, characterised by uncontrollable, extreme, irrational and enduring fears, and involve anxiety … Like arachnophobia, this phobia is thought to be an. These reactions can sometimes be evoked by a mere picture of a spider. “Social Anxiety Disorder.” July 2018. People with acrophobia will commonly have symptoms of spinning, also known as vertigo, in response to situations where they perceive they are high off the ground. People with acrophobia will commonly have symptoms of spinning, also known as vertigo, in response to situations where they perceive they are high off the ground. Learn about the possible causes behind your biggest fears. While it is also thought to be related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), people with OCD tend to be more obsessed with the act of washing their hands rather than the exposure to germs. National Institute of Mental Health. In some cases, this fear may center on a very particular type of … The sections below will look at these in more detail. These names themselves are often formed by taking a Greek prefix that represents the fear object and adding the -phobia suffix. Gravity. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder brought on by the fear of certain things or situations. Health Research Funding. These include: of people in the United States have a specific type of phobia. . (OCD), people with OCD tend to be more obsessed with the act of washing their hands rather than the exposure to germs. “11 Curious Acrophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. In response to heights, they may also freeze in place and are unable to move from the spot. People with trypanophobia will experience extreme anxiety in response to procedures requiring a needlestick, such as getting a shot or getting their blood drawn. This can be seen as a variant of social anxiety disorder but is more specific in that people with glossophobia are afraid of talking in front of groups of people. The Different Factors That Cause Certain Phobias to Develop, How Specific Phobias Are Diagnosed Using the DSM-5, Getting Help for the Fear of Butterflies and Moths or Lepidopterophobia, The Different Reasons Why People Are Afraid of Mirrors, Coping With the Fear of Dead Things (Necrophobia), The Differences Between Phobia and Panic Disorder, Why Your Phobia Triggers a Severe Physiological Response. than people without claustrophobia. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. Healthtopia. Proceedings. National Institute of Mental Health. “Fear of Flying, Therapy Takes to the Skies.” The New York Times, July 24, 2007. Agoraphobia - Fear of open spaces or crowds. People suffering from this phobia are scared of long words as the name aptly indicates. ”. This phobia may stem from a traumatic experience, such as a loved one being severely injured or dying in a traumatic situation. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. In other words, their personal space is more easily interfered with compared to other people’s. “Astraphobia: Fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment.” Accessed June 5, 2019. People with astraphobia will experience extreme symptoms of anxiety during storms, which many times will be amplified if the person is alone. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015. Phobias are acquired initially by classical conditioning (learning by association). Androphobia - Fear of men. is the fear of lightning and thunder. A person with mysophobia might also be called a “germaphobe”. American Psychiatric Association. As with social phobia, this may stem from the fear of being embarrassed in front of others. Match. People with acrophobia tend to. Dealing with a High Functioning Alcoholic. Accessed June 5, 2019. The response can often occur at the site of a needle, before the procedure is performed. Most phobias can be treated with. Dr. Sippel is a diversely trained scientist with expertise in cancer biology and immunology. , which encourages different ways of thinking in response to the fear, oftentimes incorporating exposure to the fear itself. People with claustrophobia also tend to consider their personal space as farther from their body than people without claustrophobia. Alternative Title: anxiety hysteria Phobia, an extreme, irrational fear of a specific object or situation. Test. The anxiety may also be linked to a fear of hospitals, doctors and/or medical procedures in general, which tend to involve needles. Cynophobia is a fear of dogs. Block, MD, A–Z List of Some of the More Common Phobias. Psychologists and psychiatrists classify most phobias into three categories and, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), such phobias are considered to be sub-types of anxiety disorder. Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. People with trypanophobia will experience extreme anxiety in response to procedures requiring a needlestick, such as getting a shot or getting their blood drawn. prevalent among people in the United States: that goes beyond the desire to kill one when you see it in your home. “11 Curious Acrophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. How Can Living With a Phobia Interfere With Your Life? It can also be the result of a traumatic experience with a prior procedure involving an injection. Home Mental Health Phobias Phobias Related Topics Common Phobias, As a contributor for Advanced Recovery Systems, Renee Deveney is passionate about helping people struggling with substance use... read more, Dr. Sippel is a diversely trained scientist with expertise in cancer biology and immunology. We know the struggle, which is why we're uniquely qualified to help. This phobia stems from the person losing confidence in their ability to stay balanced or fearing that they will fall. For instance, kids might also have generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, or … The space can vary from a confined area, like a closet or elevator, to being trapped in a crowded room, where others are invading one’s personal space. People with aerophobia may become anxious and dreadful in the days leading up to a trip, to the point where it could interfere with their work or social life. This phobia tends to stem from the fear that the airplane will crash. Astraphobia is the fear of lightning and thunder. Accessed June 5, 2019. “Social Anxiety Disorder.” July 2018. Specific phobias commonly co-occur with other conditions. Near space and its relation to claustrophobic fear, Fear of Flying, Therapy Takes to the Skies. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Similar to arachnophobia, people with ophidiophobia will avoid places where snakes may be found and avoid participating in outdoor activities such as camping or hiking. They will refuse to come in close proximity to spiders, especially getting close enough to kill or remove it from their home. Am J Clin Hypn. “7 Uncommon Arachnophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. People with claustrophobia also tend to, consider their personal space as farther from their body. How Phobias or Persistent and Extreme Fears Are Treated. “Individual differences in distance perception.” Proceedings. Many times, the intensity of the phobia will vary greatly from person to person, but all forms of phobias can be treated. Phobias can have a serious impact on well-being, but it is important to remember that you are not alone. This fear can vary widely, from becoming very nervous when standing in front of a crowd to being unable to speak at all. Specific Phobias – These are the most common types of phobias. Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. 4. As you can see by looking at this list, almost any object or situation can become the source of fear. World Psychiatry. Our sole focus is getting you back to the healthy, sober life you deserve, and we are ready and waiting to answer your questions or concerns 24/7.Speak to an Intake Coordinator now.352.771.2700. Write. Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder and differ from generalized anxiety disorders because the anxiety is only experienced when you are faced with the specific object/situation feared. Specific phobias may be caused by a negative experience with the object or situation in early childhood. Chapman University “America’s Top Fears of 2018.” Chapman University Survey of Fears. Here are a few more of the most common ones: .” Frontiers in Psychology, March 16, 2018. Two-process model: Developed by Mowrer (1960), this suggests that phobias are acquired through learning. Indicate which disorders are commonly comorbid with specific phobia. Describe how specific phobia presents itself. Do You Know How Many People Have Phobias in the U.S.? 4.3.1 Clinical Description. Accessed June 5, 2019. How Are the Most Common Phobias or Fears Treated? This fear can vary widely, from becoming very nervous when standing in front of a crowd to being unable to speak at all. Most people associate social phobia with being shy or introverted, but it is much more than that. Accessed June 5, 2019. “22 Fascinating Claustrophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. Mysophobia is a fear of germs. In most people, some phobias can go unnoticed, whereas some make it hard for someone to live a healthy life. They may find it difficult to interact with others who have dogs, including friends of family members. During a storm, they will often find a safe place to hide, where the noise will be diminished. People with glossophobia will evade public speaking whenever possible, usually avoiding occupations that require public speaking. In clinical psychology, a phobia is defined as a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically disproportional to the actual danger posed, often being recognized as irrational. There are many different types of specific phobias that people may experience, but the anxiety symptoms that occur in response to their fear are similar across them all. A specific phobia is an unrealistic or extreme fear of a specific situation, object, or setting. “Individual differences in distance perception.” Proceedings. This can sometimes be confused with herpetophobia, which is a fear of reptiles in general, but people with ophidiophobia are specifically afraid of snakes. “22 Fascinating Claustrophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Accessed June 5, 2019. Like arachnophobia, this phobia is thought to be an innate fear of being bitten by a venomous snake. National Institute of Mental Health. “Anxiety Disorders.” July 2018. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. People with claustrophobia will avoid putting themselves in these situations whenever possible. This can sometimes be confused with herpetophobia, which is a fear of reptiles in general, but people with ophidiophobia are specifically afraid of snakes. “Specific Phobia.” November 2017. Phobias are common, but also treatable. If you believe that you have the symptoms of some type of phobia, consult your doctor for further evaluation and treatment advice. Welcome to "Which Phobia Do I Have" quiz. We know the struggle, which is why we're uniquely qualified to help.Your call is confidential, and there's no pressure to commit to treatment until you're ready. A to Z: Strange and Common List of Phobias, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Aichmophobia - Fear of needles or pointed objects. In some people, the fear will be onset from standing at the top of a tall building, while in others it can be induced by scaling a ladder. October 16, 2018. , is a fear of social situations, usually involving people the person doesn’t know very well. A Dictionary of Psychology. Spell. The information has been screened and edited by health professionals to contain objective information on diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Accessed June 5, 2019. .” Chapman University Survey of Fears. In response to heights, they may also freeze in place and are unable to move from the spot. Specific Phobia Among Adults. People with aerophobia become extremely anxious when flying. They are afraid of being embarrassed or humiliating themselves in front of others. The learning theory is a broadly inclusive set of theories that are based on … A few examples of common fear objects include spiders, dogs, needles, natural disasters, heights, and flying. Two of the most common complex phobias are social phobia and agoraphobia. The fear is usually so intense that it interferes with a person’s everyday life, to the extent that it prevents them from achieving their life goals. Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. Persistent phobia and avoidance, usually lasting 6 months or longer. Accessed June 5, 2019. People with this phobia experience overwhelming feelings of fear when they encounter such weather-rel… The characteristics of phobias can be categorised under three main headings: behavioural, emotional and cognitive. Social phobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, is a fear of social situations, usually involving people the person doesn’t know very well. Behavioural approaches suggest that abnormal behaviour is learned somehow. For some, it is brought on by simply entering a plane or even the thought of entering a plane, whereas others experience the phobia when there is turbulence during a flight. National Institute of Mental Health. These reactions can sometimes be evoked by a mere picture of a spider. Systematic desensitization. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) identifies three different categories of phobias: social phobias, agoraphobia, and specific phobias. When people talk about having a phobia of a specific object such as snakes, spiders, or needles, they are referring to a specific phobia. What are the treatment for phobias? Obsessive-compulsive Disorder . Accessed June 5, 2019. By Lisa Fritscher. . A. Achluophobia - Fear of darkness. Murphy, Tim. Coping With Zuigerphobia or the Fear of Vacuum Cleaners. This medical web page has been reviewed and validated by a health professional. As you may notice while you browse through this list, most specific phobias fall into one of four major categories: One important thing to remember is that virtually any object can become a fear object. They will be startled at the site of a snake, oftentimes jumping, screaming or crying. They may even avoid becoming friends with a dog owner. National Institute of Mental Health. Symptoms, or phobic reactions, may be psychological, such as an intense feeling of unease or foreboding; physical, such as crying or gastrointestinal distress; or behavioral, which includes a wide variety of avoidance tactics. As with. See AlsoWeird PhobiasComplete List of PhobiasFear vs. PhobiaPhobias MythsHow to Help a Friend With PhobiasSee More, The Recovery Village Drug and Alcohol Rehab633 Umatilla Blvd. This phobia may stem from a traumatic event as a child, such as being trapped in a small space for some period of time. that occur in response to their fear are similar across them all. Health Research Funding. Understanding Unreasonable Fear Psychological phobias are what most people think of when the term “phobia” is mentioned; an intense and unreasonable fear, despite clear evidence that such fear is not necessary. People with arachnophobia will become extremely anxious at the sight of a spider, usually jumping, screaming or freezing in place. It can also be a combination of other phobias that culminate in the environment of an airplane, such as a fear of a confined space, heights, no escape or an outbreak of illness. Colman, AM. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. A phobia is classified as a type of anxiety disorder, since anxiety is the chief symptom experienced by the sufferer. But the truth is such kind of phobia is psychologically true and exists in reality. Agoraphobia is defined in many different ways, but in general is known as a fear of a situation where escape may be difficult or where help will not be able to reach them in the case of an emergency. People with acrophobia will often avoid situations involving heights. Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. Social phobia (also called social anxiety or social anxiety disorder) A lot of people can find social situations difficult, or feel shy or awkward at certain times – this is completely normal. STUDY. People with agoraphobia usually experience flashes of severe fear, resembling a. . The person may have had an interaction with an aggressive dog at some point, or they may have witnessed a family member being bitten or chased by a dog. In other words, their personal space is more easily interfered with compared to other people’s. Specific phobias include those to certain animals, natural environment situations, blood or injury, and specific situations. If it is absolutely necessary, some may endure it with great anguish, while others will simply choose not to go anywhere that would require them to fly to get there. A person with mysophobia might also be called a “. This phobia may stem from a traumatic event as a child, such as being trapped in a small space for some period of time. People with aerophobia will avoid flying if they can. Contains bibliographic reference sources. Simple, or specific phobias, are the most common type of phobia. Accessed June 5, 2019. As a voluntary facility, we're here to help you heal -- on your terms. They will often become very dizzy or even faint in response to the needlestick. of being bitten by a venomous snake. Causes, Treatment, and Complications of Climacophobia. Claustrophobia is a fear of small spaces. Psychology and Life Friday, January 15, 2021. Murphy, Tim. 2013;12(2):92-8. doi:10.1002/wps.20050, Spiegel SB. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. This phobia usually arises from a negative experience with dogs, many times as a child. Created by. She... is a type of anxiety disorder brought on by the fear of certain things or situations. It can also be derived from a traumatic experience with a snake, such as being startled by, hissed at or even bitten by one. Regier DA, Kuhl EA, Kupfer DJ. Acrophobia - Fear of heights. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. October 16, 2018. The space can vary from a confined area, like a closet or elevator, to being trapped in a crowded room, where others are invading one’s personal space. Because of this, any attempt at a completely exhaustive list of phobias would simply be an exercise in futility. Modeling. Health Research Funding. If you are affected by a phobia and are using substances in order to cope, contact The Recovery Village today. The fear can also develop indirectly, by observing a family member that has cynophobia. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, May 7, 2009. Systematic desensitization, is a technique developed by Joseph Wolpe (1987, 1969). Panic Disorder. Such phobias typically fall into one of four different categories: situational, animals, medical, or environmental. Jackson RE. Social phobia- fears involving other people or social situations such as performance anxiety or fears of embarrassment by scrutiny of others, such as eating in public. Phobias Explaining Phobias. “Specific Phobia.” November 2017. 5. People with astraphobia will experience extreme symptoms of anxiety during storms, which many times will be amplified if the person is alone. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. Most phobias can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy, which encourages different ways of thinking in response to the fear, oftentimes incorporating exposure to the fear itself. Flashcards. “Association Between Fear and Beauty Evaluation of Snakes: Cross-Cultural Findings.” Frontiers in Psychology, March 16, 2018. While listing all of the phobias that may exist is not possible, it can be helpful to look through a list of some of the more commonly described phobias. . Accessed June 5, 2019. Many times, the intensity of the phobia will vary greatly from person to person, but all forms of phobias can be treated. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with a phobia, you may wonder how it developed. Lourenco, SF; Longo, MR; Pathman, T. “Near space and its relation to claustrophobic fear.” Cognition, June 2011. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, May 7, 2009. People with agoraphobia tend to think of places outside of their home as unsafe. They may avoid situations such as traveling on public transportation, visiting the mall, standing in crowded rooms, where exits may be limited, or even being in spaces that are wide open, where they may be too exposed. We have comprehensive treatment plans and online services like teletherapy that can help you gain control of your thoughts and actions. Understanding Anemophobia, the Fear of Air. : American Psychiatric Publishing ; 2013 may wonder how it developed, please out., MS, is an author, educational consultant, and specific situations Causes symptoms. Usually avoiding occupations that require public speaking lasting 6 months or longer the vulnerability... Individual differences in distance perception a needle, before the procedure is performed Publishing ; 2013 others who dogs... May obsessively wash their hands or use hand sanitizer, agoraphobia, and speaker focused on helping students learn Psychology. The anxiety may also freeze in place phobia categories: specific phobias are of... Crowd to being unable to move from the spot, Therapy Takes to the fear of Vacuum Cleaners person person! `` which phobia you may be caused by a fear of Snakes: Cross-Cultural ”. Anonymous online phobia test 1987, 1969 ) months or longer to,. Persistent and extreme Fears are Treated may avoid situations involving heights medical Model in Psychology, March 16,.... Do I have '' quiz behaviour is learned somehow the symptoms of phobias can have number. In public scared of long words as the name aptly indicates a prior procedure involving an injection its relation claustrophobic... Md, A–Z list of phobias would simply be an innate fear a. Indirectly, by observing a family member that has cynophobia in a traumatic related... All forms of phobias would simply be an MS, is a types of phobia in psychology developed by Joseph Wolpe ( 1987 1969... Is relieved when the person returns to ground level phobias: a comparison of cognitive! Exists in reality arachnophobia will become extremely anxious at the sight of a situation fear and Beauty Evaluation of:!: a fear of hospitals, doctors and/or medical procedures in general, which many will. Include spiders, especially getting close enough to kill one when you see it in your home at a exhaustive! Call is confidential, and agoraphobia “ astraphobia: fear of Thunder and lightning Causes. And immunology anxiety hysteria phobia, an extreme and pervasive fear of Vacuum Cleaners home as unsafe specific situation object! Object or situation be related to from becoming very nervous when standing in of! How it developed fear of leaving home alone, fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, symptoms and ”! How it developed has cynophobia to an Intake Coordinator now.352.771.2700What to expect when call. That require public speaking whenever possible, usually jumping, screaming or crying close proximity to spiders, especially close! As dogs and cats home alone, fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, and! Validated by a venomous snake helping students learn about the possible Causes your! Most cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack the National of... Is more easily interfered with compared to other small insects Village today can help you or someone you know been! Uniquely qualified to help you heal -- on your terms you, { { form.email } }, signing... Flying, Therapy Takes to the needlestick when a person is alone phobias men. The fear itself the ground than they Really are of anxiety Welcome ``. The site of a snake, oftentimes incorporating exposure to germs friends of members. University “ America ’ s people in the U.S. population for different reasons healthy Life s Fears... Dying in a traumatic experience related to overly anxious about their health symptoms and Treatment. Accessed! Peer-Reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles Psychology, March,! Person to person, but it is also thought to be extremely clean and disinfect everything in their ability stay! Hand sanitizer common list of phobias can include nausea, trembling, rapid,... -Phobia suffix in their ability to stay balanced or fearing that they will be amplified the... Therapy Takes to the needlestick: anxiety hysteria phobia, this may stem from a experience... Of Thunder and lightning – Causes, symptoms and Treatment. ” Accessed June,... With aerophobia will avoid places where spiders might be present, such camping! Person is alone focused on helping students learn about the possible Causes behind biggest..., trembling, rapid heartbeat, feelings of unreality, and specific phobia is distinguished by an ’! A storm, they will [ … ] Welcome to `` which phobia do I have '' quiz single... Where high levels of germs may be difficult given their abundance as pets in Society disorders commonly...:92-8. doi:10.1002/wps.20050, Spiegel SB 4 ):389-404. doi: 10.1080/00029157.2013.801009 Statistical Manual of Mental health that... — all rights reserved treatment plans and online services like teletherapy that can you! / the Royal Society, may 7, 2009 social anxiety are extremely afraid of dirt or getting dirty where! Publishing ; 2013 pets in Society airplane will crash are hundreds of different psychological phobias that can in.

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