importance of biomass

Biomass was the first energy source available to humans and is still the major renewable energy source is many developing countries, and one of the most important worldwide. Abstract BIOMASS burning is a primary source of many trace substances that are important in atmospheric chemistry1-6. 0000001483 00000 n x,��lX��Ù��ӡ���OL�9���8�� ��B�sv�c�=S4��z�Mjl+�����Q��\�ku�c~��3��E�۱h�m��[����5��&�����JD%��y�z��\]W�k%�Ȳ품�>)���G��5�Ut힟&���. As you’ve seen there are several pros and cons of biomass energy which make it an energy resource that needs to be used with care. As biomass itself is residual of animals and plants, there will be no need and worry of deforestation. fats, oils, waxes, resin and many pigments), and (iv) proteins. Hemp Biofuels: Hemp Biofuels are obtained from the hemp seeds which are commonly harvested using strong hemp variety. xref Biomass, the weight or total quantity of living organisms of one animal or plant species (species biomass) or of all the species in a community (community biomass), commonly referred to a unit area or volume of habitat.The weight or quantity of organisms in an area at a given moment is the standing crop. Unlike fossil fuels, biomass is renewable in the sense that only a short period of time is needed to replace what is used as an energy source. It is derived from the energy crops to agricultural residues and waste and from the living organisms. ... Biomass energy has rapidly become a vital part of the global renewable energy mix and account for an ever-growing share of electric capacity added worldwide. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Biodiesel is known for the exploitation of the amount of carbon which is naturally circulating in the midst of biosphere and atmosphere, and hence there is no addition of carbon content. 0000017301 00000 n In addition, the increased utilization of biomass-based fuels will be instrumental in safeguarding the environment, generation of new job opportunities, sustainable development and health improvements in rural areas. Importance of biomass energy Traditionally, biomass has been utilized through direct combustion, and this process is still widely used in many parts of the world. 0000006814 00000 n The major factor being the production in the very locality and hence no transportation cost is included. trailer There are different kinds of biofuels depending on the type of plant that is used to produce it. This adds to the low cost of this source. Biomass is regarded as an important indicator of ecological and management processes in the vegetation. The biomass is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time. Algae fuel is a next generation biofuel which is derived from algae. Biodiesel can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually mixed with gasoline and used by vehicles fleets. Despite its ancient use as a source of heat and energy, however, many people don't know what biomass energy really means, or where biofuels come from. symbiosis_conference_stokes.pdf. 0000007101 00000 n You are here. Biodiesel is made from vegetable oils, animal fats or recycled greases. Biomass utilization can reduce forest management costs, help mitigate climate change, reduce risks to life and property, and help provide a secure, competitive energy source. It is the raw material of food, fiber, and fuelwood. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Yet, the raw material for resources takes thousands of years to become fuels. It will however never completely provide our energy needs, but it certainly is a good addition to our energy mix. The mass can be expressed as the average mass per unit … It determines the magnitude and rate of autotrophic respiration. • The use of biomass energy has the potential to greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Home » Importance of Biomass Production and Supply. Global warming reduction requires sensible use of resources and biomass is based on sensible use of waste product. The resource used for the biomass energy is organic resource such as wood and so to increase the fuel production and decrease cost, mankind will keep on destroying forests and cutting trees. 87 0 obj <> endobj The tree-trunks and the canopy provide shelter for roosting, nesting and feeding to a variety of birds, including plant feeders, insect eaters and predators. We may not have sufficient space to set up biomass plants. The important increase of biomass is observed for the free cultures during the first one hundred hours of fermentation. It is related to vegetation structure, which, in turn, influences biodiversity. Soil microbial biomass is an important parameter linking the plants to soil. To rescue mankind biomass energy comes into to spotlight. However, nearly 17% of the energy needed for the production of ethanol is actually obtained from the traditional liquid fuels viz; gasoline, liquid diesel etc. Biomass is very abundant and can be found everywhere on earth in the form of wood, dung or seaweed. Figure 1. Can Biomass Add or Reduce Global Warming? Use of biomass decreses the use of fossil fuels and hence helps in reducing CO2 emmissions. 0000006314 00000 n Importance and advantages of biomass energy. Biomass refers to the mass of living organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, or, from a biochemical perspective, cellulose, lignin, sugars, fats, and proteins. Examples of biomass sources are wood products, dried vegetarians, crop residues, aquatic plants, and much more. This will also create good number of employment opportunities in the rural areas and they can also be effectively transformed into electrical form too. Some power companies have been able to convert their power plants to burn biomass instead of fossil fuels. Biomass from the forest sector (e.g., fuelwood, forest residues, and wood industry residues) is mostly used as raw material and not subjected to an upgrading process. The reason is that at the rate humans have extracted these reservoirs, it will be just impossible to repent it. Home » Importance of Biomass Production and Supply. The total amount of plant biomass per hectare is high. Animal Biomass: In a forest ecosystem, the most dense animal population are found in the canopy and the soil. This leads to additional efficiency as well as less storage area required. Furthermore, this will lead to more and more employment opportunities in every economy and the dependency of one on another country for fuel needs will come to an end. Biomass is of interest for a number of reasons. Biomass can easily be used to create biofuels, gas, alcohol and electricity. In addition to this, they do not even emit any poisonous or greenhouse gas. As per a recent UNEP report, total renewable power capacity worldwide exceeded 1,470 GW in 2012, up 8.5% from 2011. Composition of Biomass Plant cell wall is constituted by mainly 6 components: (i) cellulose, (ii) hemicellulose, (iii) lignin, (iv) water soluble sugars, amino acids and aliphatic acids, (v) ether and alcohol-soluble constituents (e.g. However, fossil fuels release carbon dioxide captured by photosynthesis millions of years ago. As long as we plant equal number of trees that we use in the production of biofuels, biomass energy produces no net CO2 increase. However, Biomass can help reducing the global warming to a greater extent because it offers following advantages…. As a renewable source of energy, biomass can be converted to thermal, chemical and biochemical forms that are deemed to meaningfully aid in production and generation of usable materials and options. startxref What Is Biomass Energy? Hybrid algae variety with high oil quantity and high growth rate is cultivated in preferably barren land and later converted into biofuel. The energy that is produced through combustion of these materials can then be used to rotate turbines that generate electricity. The cost of producing Biomass fuel is much cheaper than the cost of fossil fuels. Pellets themselves are made up of byproduct and that is why you need not worry about trees cutting especially for pellets. It is important for soil, fire and water management. 0000000016 00000 n June 4, 2018 June 21, 2018 by Louise Gaille. These seeds are then converted to biofuels. 0000001211 00000 n Biomass is an attractive energy source for a number of reasons. Biomass Energy is produced from organic waste produced by human, animal or plant activity. Decomposition of organic matter in nature releases methane. Biomass energy is as old as a caveman's fire, and it remains an important source of renewable energy worldwide. Even if we have sufficient fossil fuels for now, what after 100 years? Biomass is plant material either raw or processed and includes agricultural residues, wood waste, paper trash, municipal solid waste (MSW), energy crops and methane captured from landfill sites. Can we promise our next generation the possibility of existence of these fuels? Smell the Power. Pellets are compressed and that is why they are dense in nature. The other significant biomass benefit is they are readily available. Since the raw material is renewable, we can not run out of this fuel. Shifting to a homegrown, renewable energy economy Burning either fossil fuels or biomass releases carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas.However, the plants that are the source of biomass for energy capture almost the same … Even though considered as safe for … symbiosis_conference_stokes.pdf. Prudent forest management and cost analysis of every project will ensure that we can use this energy in a benificial way. x�b```"V�wB ce`a�(� Biomass based power source cast lesser burden on the natural resources as compared the traditional source of energy coming from use of fossil fuel. This fossil fuel consumption may offset or even eliminate any carbon advantage in some cases. 0000006446 00000 n Forest biomass is an important ecological indicator for the sustainable management of forests. Global warming is control by reduction in emission of greenhouse gas. %%EOF Fuel is need for everything and by everyone. Of wood, dung or seaweed be effectively transformed into electrical form too %... 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